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Domain administrators operations guide (RFC1033)

IP.com Disclosure Number: IPCOM000001838D
Original Publication Date: 1987-Nov-01
Included in the Prior Art Database: 2000-Sep-12
Document File: 15 page(s) / 33K

Publishing Venue

Internet Society Requests For Comment (RFCs)

Related People

M. Lottor: AUTHOR

Abstract

A domain server requires a few files to get started. It will normally have some number of boot/startup files (also known as the "safety belt" files). One section will contain a list of possible root servers that the server will use to find the up-to-date list of root servers. Another section will list the zone files to be loaded into the server for your local domain information. A zone file typically contains all the data for a particular domain. This guide describes the data formats that can be used in zone files and suggested parameters to use for certain fields. If you are attempting to do anything advanced or tricky, consult the appropriate domain RFC's for more details.

This text was extracted from a ASCII Text document.
This is the abbreviated version, containing approximately 9% of the total text.

Network Working Group M. Lottor

Request For Comments: 1033 SRI International

November 1987

DOMAIN ADMINISTRATORS OPERATIONS GUIDE

STATUS OF THIS MEMO

This RFC provides guidelines for domain administrators in operating a

domain server and maintaining their portion of the hierarchical

database. Familiarity with the domain system is assumed.

Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

This memo is a formatted collection of notes and excerpts from the

references listed at the end of this document. Of particular mention

are Paul Mockapetris and Kevin Dunlap.

INTRODUCTION

A domain server requires a few files to get started. It will

normally have some number of boot/startup files (also known as the

"safety belt" files). One section will contain a list of possible

root servers that the server will use to find the up-to-date list of

root servers. Another section will list the zone files to be loaded

into the server for your local domain information. A zone file

typically contains all the data for a particular domain. This guide

describes the data formats that can be used in zone files and

suggested parameters to use for certain fields. If you are

attempting to do anything advanced or tricky, consult the appropriate

domain RFC's for more details.

Note: Each implementation of domain software may require different

files. Zone files are standardized but some servers may require

other startup files. See the appropriate documentation that comes

with your software. See the appendix for some specific examples.

ZONES

A zone defines the contents of a contiguous section of the domain

space, usually bounded by administrative boundaries. There will

typically be a separate data file for each zone. The data contained

in a zone file is composed of entries called Resource Records (RRs).

You may only put data in your domain server that you are

authoritative for. You must not add entries for domains other than

your own (except for the special case of "glue records").

A domain server will probably read a file on start-up that lists the

zones it should load into its database. The format of this file is

not standardized and is different for most domain server

implementations. For each zone it will normally contain the domain

name of the zone and the file name that contains the data to load for

the zone.

ROOT SERVERS

A resolver will need to find the root servers when it first starts.

When the resolver boots, it will typically read a list of possible

root servers from a file.

The resolver will cycle through the list trying to contact each one.

When it finds a root server, it will ask it for the current list of

root servers. It will then discard the list of root servers it read

from the data file and replace it with the current list it ...