Browse Prior Art Database

Internet Activities Board (RFC1120)

IP.com Disclosure Number: IPCOM000001930D
Original Publication Date: 1989-Sep-01
Included in the Prior Art Database: 2000-Sep-12
Document File: 9 page(s) / 24K

Publishing Venue

Internet Society Requests For Comment (RFCs)

Related People

V. Cerf: AUTHOR

Abstract

In 1968, the U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) initiated an effort to develop a technology which is now known as packet switching. This technology had its roots in message switching methods, but was strongly influenced by the development of low-cost minicomputers and digital telecommunications techniques during the mid-1960's [BARAN 64, ROBERTS 70, HEART 70, ROBERTS 78]. A very useful survey of this technology can be found in [IEEE 78].

This text was extracted from a ASCII document.
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Network Working Group V. Cerf

Request for Comments: 1120 NRI

September 1989

The Internet Activities Board

Status of this Memo

This RFC provides a history and description of the Internet

Activities Board (IAB) and its subsidiary organizations. This memo

is for informational use and does not constitute a standard.

Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

1. Introduction

In 1968, the U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA)

initiated an effort to develop a technology which is now known as

packet switching. This technology had its roots in message switching

methods, but was strongly influenced by the development of low-cost

minicomputers and digital telecommunications techniques during the

mid-1960's [BARAN 64, ROBERTS 70, HEART 70, ROBERTS 78]. A very

useful survey of this technology can be found in [IEEE 78].

During the early 1970's, DARPA initiated a number of programs to

explore the use of packet switching methods in alternative media

including mobile radio, satellite and cable [IEEE 78, IEEE 87].

Concurrently, Xerox Palo Alto Research Center (PARC) began an

exploration of packet switching on coaxial cable which ultimately led

to the development of Ethernet local area networks [METCALFE 76].

The successful implementation of packet radio and packet satellite

technology raised the question of interconnecting ARPANET with other

types of packet nets. A possible solution to this problem was

proposed by Cerf and Kahn [CERF 74] in the form of an internetwork

protocol and a set of gateways to connect the different networks.

This solution was further developed as part of a research program in

internetting sponsored by DARPA and resulted in a collection of

computer communications protocols based on the original Transmission

Control Protocol (TCP) and its lower level counterpart, Internet

Protocol (IP). Together, these protocols, along with many others

developed during the course of the research, are referred to as the

TCP/IP Protocol Suite [LEINER 85, POSTEL 85, CERF 82, CLARK 86, RFC

1100].

In the early stages of the Internet research program, only a few

researchers worked to develop and test versions of the internet

protocols. Over time, the size of this activity increased until, in

1979, it was necessary to form an informal committee to guide the

technical evolution of the protocol suite. This group was called the

Internet Configuration Control Board (ICCB) and was established by

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