How to Use Anonymous FTP (RFC1635)
Original Publication Date: 1994-May-01
Included in the Prior Art Database: 2000-Sep-12
Internet Society Requests For Comment (RFCs)
P. Deutsch: AUTHOR [+3]
This document provides information for the novice Internet user about using the File Transfer Protocol (FTP). It explains what FTP is, what anonymous FTP is, and what an anonymous FTP archive site is. It shows a sample anonymous FTP session. It also discusses common ways files are packaged for efficient storage and transmission.
Network Working Group P. Deutsch
Request for Comments: 1635 A. Emtage
FYI: 24 Bunyip
Category: Informational A. Marine
How to Use Anonymous FTP
Status of this Memo
This memo provides information for the Internet community. This memo
does not specify an Internet standard of any kind. Distribution of
this memo is unlimited.
This document provides information for the novice Internet user about
using the File Transfer Protocol (FTP). It explains what FTP is,
what anonymous FTP is, and what an anonymous FTP archive site is. It
shows a sample anonymous FTP session. It also discusses common ways
files are packaged for efficient storage and transmission.
This document is the result of work done in the Internet Anonymous
FTP Archives (IAFA) working group of the IETF. Special thanks are
due to Mark Baushke (Cisco), John Curran (BBN), Aydin Edguer (CWRU),
Rafal Maszkowski (Onsala Space Observatory), Marsha Perrott
(PREPnet), Bob Peterson (Texas Instruments), Nathan Torkington
(Victoria University of Wellington), and Stephen Tihor (NYU) for
excellent comments and contributions.
What is FTP?
FTP refers to the File Transfer Protocol , one of the protocols
within the TCP/IP protocol suite used on the Internet. The File
Transfer Protocol makes it possible to transfer files from one
computer (or host) on the Internet to another. There are many FTP
implementations built on the specification of the FTP protocol. A
user of an FTP program must log in to both hosts in order to transfer
a file from one to the other.
It is common for a user with files on more than one host to use the
FTP program to transfer files from one host to another. In this
case, the user has an account on both hosts involved, so he has
passwords for both hosts.
However, Internet users may also take advantage of a wealth of
information available from archive sites by using a general purpose
account called "anonymous FTP".
What is an Archive Site?
An archive site is a host that acts as a repository of information,
much like a conventional library. Information stored on these
Internet hosts is made available for users to transfer to their local
sites. Users run software to identify this information and transfer
it to their own hosts. Such a transfer is done with a program that
implements the File Transfer Protocol (FTP).
What is Anonymous FTP?
Anonymous FTP is a means by which archive sites allow general access
to their archives of information. These sites create a special
account called "anonymous". User "anonymous" has limited access
rights to the archi...