A Border Gateway Protocol 4 (BGP-4) (RFC1654)
Original Publication Date: 1994-Jul-01
Included in the Prior Art Database: 2000-Sep-12
Internet Society Requests For Comment (RFCs)
Y. Rekhter: AUTHOR [+3]
The Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) is an inter-Autonomous System routing protocol. It is built on experience gained with EGP as defined in RFC 904  and EGP usage in the NSFNET Backbone as described in RFC 1092  and RFC 1093 .
Network Working Group Y. Rekhter
Request for Comments: 1654 T.J. Watson Research Center, IBM Corp.
Category: Standards Track T. Li
A Border Gateway Protocol 4 (BGP-4)
Status of this Memo
This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the
Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for
improvements. Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet
Official Protocol Standards" (STD 1) for the standardization state
and status of this protocol. Distribution of this memo is unlimited.
This document was originally published as RFC 1267 in October 1991,
jointly authored by Kirk Lougheed (cisco Systems) and Yakov Rekhter
We would like to express our thanks to Guy Almes (Rice University),
Len Bosack (cisco Systems), and Jeffrey C. Honig (Cornell University)
for their contributions to the earlier version of this document.
We like to explicitly thank Bob Braden (ISI) for the review of the
earlier version of this document as well as his constructive and
We would also like to thank Bob Hinden, Director for Routing of the
Internet Engineering Steering Group, and the team of reviewers he
assembled to review the previous version (BGP-2) of this document.
This team, consisting of Deborah Estrin, Milo Medin, John Moy, Radia
Perlman, Martha Steenstrup, Mike St. Johns, and Paul Tsuchiya, acted
with a strong combination of toughness, professionalism, and
This updated version of the document is the product of the IETF BGP
Working Group with Yakov Rekhter and Tony Li as editors. Certain
sections of the document borrowed heavily from IDRP , which is the
OSI counterpart of BGP. For this credit should be given to the ANSI
X3S3.3 group chaired by Lyman Chapin (BBN) and to Charles Kunzinger
(IBM Corp.) who was the IDRP editor within that group. We would also
like to thank Mike Craren (Proteon, Inc.), Dimitry Haskin
(Wellfleet), John Krawczyk (Wellfleet), and Paul Traina (cisco) for
their insightful comments.
We would like to specially acknowledge numerous contributions by
Dennis Ferguson (ANS).
The Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) is an inter-Autonomous System
routing protocol. It is built on experience gained with EGP as
defined in RFC 904  and EGP usage in the NSFNET Backbone as
described in RFC 1092  and RFC 1093 .
The primary function of a BGP speaking system is to exchange network
reachability information with other BGP systems. This network
reachability information includes information on the list of
Autonomous Systems (ASs) that reachability information tr...