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Hypertext Transfer Protocol -- HTTP/1.1 (RFC2068)

IP.com Disclosure Number: IPCOM000002619D
Original Publication Date: 1997-Jan-01
Included in the Prior Art Database: 2000-Sep-13

Publishing Venue

Internet Society Requests For Comment (RFCs)

Related People

R. Fielding: AUTHOR [+5]

Abstract

The Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is an application-level protocol for distributed, collaborative, hypermedia information systems. It is a generic, stateless, object-oriented protocol which can be used for many tasks, such as name servers and distributed object management systems, through extension of its request methods. A feature of HTTP is the typing and negotiation of data representation, allowing systems to be built independently of the data being transferred.

This text was extracted from a ASCII Text document.
This is the abbreviated version, containing approximately 1% of the total text.

Network Working Group R. Fielding

Request for Comments: 2068 UC Irvine

Category: Standards Track J. Gettys

J. Mogul

DEC

H. Frystyk

T. Berners-Lee

MIT/LCS

January 1997

Hypertext Transfer Protocol -- HTTP/1.1

Status of this Memo

This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the

Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for

improvements. Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet

Official Protocol Standards" (STD 1) for the standardization state

and status of this protocol. Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

Abstract

The Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is an application-level

protocol for distributed, collaborative, hypermedia information

systems. It is a generic, stateless, object-oriented protocol which

can be used for many tasks, such as name servers and distributed

object management systems, through extension of its request methods.

A feature of HTTP is the typing and negotiation of data

representation, allowing systems to be built independently of the

data being transferred.

HTTP has been in use by the World-Wide Web global information

initiative since 1990. This specification defines the protocol

referred to as "HTTP/1.1".

Table of Contents

1 Introduction.............................................7

1.1 Purpose ..............................................7

1.2 Requirements .........................................7

1.3 Terminology ..........................................8

1.4 Overall Operation ...................................11

2 Notational Conventions and Generic Grammar..............13

2.1 Augmented BNF .......................................13

2.2 Basic Rules .........................................15

3 Protocol Parameters.....................................17

3.1 HTTP Version ........................................17

3.2 Uniform Resource Identifiers ........................18

3.2.1 General Syntax ...................................18

3.2.2 http URL .........................................19

3.2.3 URI Comparison ...................................20

3.3 Date/Time Formats ...................................21

3.3.1 Full Date ........................................21

3.3.2 Delta Seconds ....................................22

3.4 Character Sets ......................................22

3.5 Content Codings .....................................23

3.6 Transfer Codings ....................................24

3.7 Media ...