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A Primer On Internet and TCP/IP Tools and Utilities (RFC2151)

IP.com Disclosure Number: IPCOM000002708D
Original Publication Date: 1997-Jun-01
Included in the Prior Art Database: 2000-Sep-13

Publishing Venue

Internet Society Requests For Comment (RFCs)

Related People

G. Kessler: AUTHOR [+2]

Abstract

This memo is an introductory guide to many of the most commonly- available TCP/IP and Internet tools and utilities. It also describes discussion lists accessible from the Internet, ways to obtain Internet and TCP/IP documents, and some resources that help users weave their way through the Internet.

This text was extracted from a ASCII document.
This is the abbreviated version, containing approximately 3% of the total text.

Network Working Group G. Kessler

Request for Comments: 2151 S. Shepard

FYI: 30 Hill Associates, Inc.

Obsoletes: RFC 1739 June 1997

Category: Informational

A Primer On Internet and TCP/IP Tools and Utilities

Status of this Memo

This memo provides information for the Internet community. This memo

does not specify an Internet standard of any kind. Distribution of

this memo is unlimited.

Abstract

This memo is an introductory guide to many of the most commonly-

available TCP/IP and Internet tools and utilities. It also describes

discussion lists accessible from the Internet, ways to obtain

Internet and TCP/IP documents, and some resources that help users

weave their way through the Internet.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction................................................... 2

2. Nomenclature................................................... 2

3. Finding Information About Internet Hosts and Domains........... 3

3.1. NSLOOKUP.................................................. 3

3.2. Ping...................................................... 6

3.3. Finger.................................................... 8

3.4. Traceroute................................................ 9

4. The Two Fundamental Tools...................................... 12

4.1. TELNET.................................................... 12

4.2. FTP....................................................... 15

5. User Database Lookup Tools..................................... 19

5.1. WHOIS/NICNAME............................................. 19

5.2. KNOWBOT................................................... 23

6. Information Servers............................................ 24

6.1. Archie.................................................... 24

6.2. Gopher.................................................... 28

6.3. VERONICA, JUGHEAD, and WAIS............................... 30

7. The World Wide Web............................................. 31

7.1. Uniform Resource Locators................................. 34

7.2. User Directories on the Web............................... 35

7.3. Other Service Accessible Via the Web...................... 36

8. Discussion Lists and Newsgroups................................ 37

8.1. Internet Discussion Lists................................. 37

8.2. LISTSERV.................................................. 38

8.3. Majordomo..................................