Nortel Networks Multi-link Multi-node PPP Bundle Discovery Protocol (RFC2701)
Original Publication Date: 1999-Sep-01
Included in the Prior Art Database: 2000-Sep-13
Internet Society Requests For Comment (RFCs)
This document specifies a standard way for Multi-link PPP to operate across multiple nodes. Both the mechanism by which the Bundle Head is discovered and the PPP fragment encapsulation are specified.
Network Working Group G. Malkin
Request for Comments: 2701 Nortel Networks
Category: Informational September 1999
Multi-link Multi-node PPP Bundle Discovery Protocol
Status of this Memo
This memo provides information for the Internet community. It does
not specify an Internet standard of any kind. Distribution of this
memo is unlimited.
Copyright (C) The Internet Society (1999). All Rights Reserved.
This document specifies a standard way for Multi-link PPP to operate
across multiple nodes. Both the mechanism by which the Bundle Head
is discovered and the PPP fragment encapsulation are specified.
I would like to thank Joe Frazier for filling in some of the details
and reviewing this document.
Multi-link PPP [MP] allows a dial-in user to open multiple PPP
connections to a given host. In general, this is done on an on-
demand basis. That is, a secondary link, or multiple secondary
links, are established when the data load on the primary link, and
any previously established secondary links, nears capacity. As the
load decreases, the secondary link(s) may be disconnected.
Many dial-in hosts which support multi-link PPP dial the same phone
number for all links. This implies that there exists a rotary at the
Point Of Presence (POP) which routes incoming calls to a bank of
modems. These may be physically independent modems connected to
Remote Access Server (RAS) and a rotary of analog phone lines, or a
RAS with internal modems connected to analog lines or a T1/E1 or
T3/E3 channel. In any case, a given RAS can only handle just so many
simultaneous connections. A typical POP may need to support hundreds
of connections, but no RAS today can handle that many. This creates
a problem when a user's primary PPP connection is established to one
RAS in a POP and a secondary connection is established to another.
This may occur because the first RAS has no available modems, or
because incoming calls are assigned to ports in a round-robin
fashion, for example, and the second call is simply assigned to
The solution to this problem is to provide a mechanism by which a RAS
can determine if a Multi-link PPP connection is a primary or
secondary and, if a secondary, where the Bundle Head (the process
within a RAS which reassembles the PPP fragments transmitted over the
primary and secondary links) resides. If the Bundle Head resides o...