Browse Prior Art Database

To Be "On" the Internet (RFC1775)

IP.com Disclosure Number: IPCOM000004027D
Original Publication Date: 1995-Mar-01
Included in the Prior Art Database: 2000-Sep-13
Document File: 3 page(s) / 8K

Publishing Venue

Internet Society Requests For Comment (RFCs)

Related People

D. Crocker: AUTHOR

Abstract

The Internet permits different levels of access for consumers and providers of service. The nature of those differences is quite important in the capabilities They afford. Hence, it is appropriate to provide terminology that distinguishes among the range, so that the Internet community can gain some clarity when distinguishing whether a user (or an organization) is "on" the Internet. This document suggests four terms, for distinguishing the major classes of access.

This text was extracted from a ASCII Text document.
This is the abbreviated version, containing approximately 38% of the total text.

Network Working Group D. Crocker

Request for Comments: 1775 Brandenburg Consulting

Category: Informational March 1995

To Be "On" the Internet

Status of this Memo

This memo provides information for the Internet community. This memo

does not specify an Internet standard of any kind. Distribution of

this memo is unlimited.

Abstract

The Internet permits different levels of access for consumers and

providers of service. The nature of those differences is quite

important in the capabilities They afford. Hence, it is appropriate

to provide terminology that distinguishes among the range, so that

the Internet community can gain some clarity when distinguishing

whether a user (or an organization) is "on" the Internet. This

document suggests four terms, for distinguishing the major classes of

access.

1. INTRODUCTION

The Internet is many things to many people. It began as a technology

and has grown into a global service. With the growth has come

increased complexity in details of the technology and service,

resulting in confusion when trying to determine whether a given user

is "on" the Internet. Who is on the Internet? What capabilities do

they have? This note is an attempt to aid Internet consumers and

providers in determining the basic types of end-user access that

distinguish critical differences in Internet attachment.

The list was developed primarily for the perspective of users, rather

than for the technical community. The definitions in this list take

the perspective that users are primarily interested in application

services. A curious implication is that some of the definitions do

not rely on the direct use of the underlying Internet connectivity

protocols, TCP/IP. For many technical discussions, therefore, these

terms will not be appropriate.

2. LABELS FOR INTERNET ACCESS

The following definitions move from "most" to "least" Internet

access, from the perspective of the user (consumer). The first term

is primarily applicable to Internet service providers. The remaining

terms are primarily applicable to consumers of Internet service.

FULL ACCESS

This is a permanent (full-time) Internet attachment running

TCP/IP, primarily appropriate for allowing the Internet community

to access application servers, operated by Internet service

providers. Machines with Full access are directly visible to

others attached to the Internet, such as through the Internet

Protocol's ICMP Echo (ping) facility. The core of the Internet

comprises those machines with Full access.

CLIENT ACCESS

The user runs applications that employ Internet application

protocols directly on their own computer platform, but might not

be running underlying Internet protocols (TCP/IP), might not have

full-time access, such as through dial-up, ...