A Format for Bibliographic Records (RFC1807)
Original Publication Date: 1995-Jun-01
Included in the Prior Art Database: 2000-Sep-13
Internet Society Requests For Comment (RFCs)
R. Lasher: AUTHOR [+2]
This RFC defines a format for bibliographic records describing technical reports. This format is used by the Cornell University Dienst protocol and the Stanford University SIFT system. The original RFC (RFC 1357) was written by D. Cohen, ISI, July 1992. This is a revision of RFC 1357. New fields include handle, other_access, keyword, and withdraw.
Network Working Group R. Lasher
Request For Comments: 1807 Stanford
Obsoletes: 1357 D. Cohen
Category: Informational Myricom
A Format for Bibliographic Records
Status of this Memo
This memo provides information for the Internet community. This memo
does not specify an Internet standard of any kind. Distribution of
this memo is unlimited.
This RFC defines a format for bibliographic records describing
technical reports. This format is used by the Cornell University
Dienst protocol and the Stanford University SIFT system. The
original RFC (RFC 1357) was written by D. Cohen, ISI, July 1992.
This is a revision of RFC 1357. New fields include handle,
other_access, keyword, and withdraw.
Many universities and other R&D organizations routinely announce new
technical reports by mailing (via the postal services) the
bibliographic records of these reports.
These mailings have non-trivial cost and delay. In addition, their
recipients cannot conveniently file them, electronically, for later
retrieval and searches.
Publishing organizations that wish to use e-mail or file transfer to
obtain these announcements can do so by using the following format.
Organizations may automate to any degree (or not at all) both the
creation of these records (about their own publications) and the
handling of the records received from other organizations.
This format is designed to be simple, for people and for machines, to
be easy to read ("human readable") and create without any special
This RFC defines the format of bibliographic records, not how to
This format is a "tagged" format with self-explaining alphabetic
tags. It should be possible to prepare and to read bibliographic
records using any text editor, without any special programs.
This RFC includes the CR-CATEGORY, a field useful for Computer
Science publications. It is expected that similar fields will be
added for other domains.
This format, as described in RFC 1357, was implemented as part of the
Dienst system and has been in use by the five ARPA-funded computer
science institutions to exchange bibliographic records (Cornell, SU,
UC, MIT, and CMU). Programs have been written to map between this
RFC and structured USMARC (format developed at the Library of
Congress) cataloging records, also from USMARC to the RFC.
The focus of this ARPA-funded research has been into many aspects of
digital libraries including searching and accessing techniques that
do not necessarily use bibliographic records (for example, natural
language processing, automatic and full-text indexing). However, the
continued use of bibliographic records is expected to r...