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Hypertext Transfer Protocol -- HTTP/1.0 (RFC1945)

IP.com Disclosure Number: IPCOM000004247D
Original Publication Date: 1996-May-01
Included in the Prior Art Database: 2000-Sep-13

Publishing Venue

Internet Society Requests For Comment (RFCs)

Related People

T. Berners-Lee: AUTHOR [+2]

Abstract

The Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is an application-level protocol with the lightness and speed necessary for distributed, collaborative, hypermedia information systems. It is a generic, stateless, object-oriented protocol which can be used for many tasks, such as name servers and distributed object management systems, through extension of its request methods (commands). A feature of HTTP is the typing of data representation, allowing systems to be built independently of the data being transferred.

This text was extracted from a ASCII Text document.
This is the abbreviated version, containing approximately 2% of the total text.

Network Working Group T. Berners-Lee

Request for Comments: 1945 MIT/LCS

Category: Informational R. Fielding

UC Irvine

H. Frystyk

MIT/LCS

May 1996

Hypertext Transfer Protocol -- HTTP/1.0

Status of This Memo

This memo provides information for the Internet community. This memo

does not specify an Internet standard of any kind. Distribution of

this memo is unlimited.

IESG Note:

The IESG has concerns about this protocol, and expects this document

to be replaced relatively soon by a standards track document.

Abstract

The Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is an application-level

protocol with the lightness and speed necessary for distributed,

collaborative, hypermedia information systems. It is a generic,

stateless, object-oriented protocol which can be used for many tasks,

such as name servers and distributed object management systems,

through extension of its request methods (commands). A feature of

HTTP is the typing of data representation, allowing systems to be

built independently of the data being transferred.

HTTP has been in use by the World-Wide Web global information

initiative since 1990. This specification reflects common usage of

the protocol referred to as "HTTP/1.0".

Table of Contents

1. Introduction .............................................. 4

1.1 Purpose .............................................. 4

1.2 Terminology .......................................... 4

1.3 Overall Operation .................................... 6

1.4 HTTP and MIME ........................................ 8

2. Notational Conventions and Generic Grammar ................ 8

2.1 Augmented BNF ........................................ 8

2.2 Basic Rules .......................................... 10

3. Protocol Parameters ....................................... 12

3.1 HTTP Version ......................................... 12

3.2 Uniform Resource Identifiers ......................... 14

3.2.1 General Syntax ................................ 14

3.2.2 http URL ...................................... 15

3.3 Date/Time Formats .................................... 15

3.4 Character Sets ....................................... 17

3.5 Content Codings ...................................... 18

3.6 Media Types .......................................... 19

3.6.1 Canonicalization and Text Defaults ............ 19

3.6.2 Multipart Types ............................... 20

3.7 Product Tokens ....................................... 20

4...