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Engineered time-degradable explosives for use in munitions

IP.com Disclosure Number: IPCOM000007047D
Publication Date: 2002-Feb-21
Document File: 1 page(s) / 21K

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5511482: PATENT

Abstract

Title: Engineered time-degradable explosives for use in munitions Explosive compounds which, if left uninitiated after deployment, undergo a process of self-neutralization. This process is accomplished by at least two different methods: 1) Through the use of chemical substances that are formulated and engineered to convert to a neutralizing/degrading agent for a specific explosive or specifically formulated explosive substance after a pre-determined period of time. The time-activated neutralizing/degrading agent and complementary specific explosive are combined and constitute the engineered time-degradable explosive for use in munitions. 2) Through the use of capsules or pellets that contain a neutralizing/degrading agent for a specifically designed explosive. These capsules or pellets would have walls or exterior cell membranes made up of a chemical substance that is designed to rupture or degrade after a pre-determined period of time, releasing the neutralizing/degrading agent contained in the capsules or pellets upon the specific explosive or specifically formulated explosive substance. The time-activated capsules containing the neutralizing agent and complementary specific explosive are combined and constitute the engineered time-degradable explosive for use in munitions. Prior art search: Patent Number 5511482 Title: Environmentally degradable munitions Differentiation between "Engineered time-degradable explosives for use in munitions" and Patent Number 5511482 follows: Patent Number 5511482 abstract describes a munition device (not explosive substances) that is made up of environmentally degradable materials in the construction of ordinance items. The degradable components comprising the device fail in a predetermined manner and within a known time frame. The abstract for "Engineered time-degradable explosives for use in munitions" describes a system of explosive compounds which, if left uninitiated after deployment, undergo a process of self neutralization. While the goal of Patent Number 5511482 and Engineered time-degradable explosives for use in munitions would appear to be similar, the method of achieving the desired result is fundamentally different. Patent 5511482 has an aim that results in the mechanical self-neutralization of the munition device by external environmental forces. The Engineered time-degradable explosive has a design that results in the self-neutralization of the explosive used within the munition device, independent of external environmental factors. The benefits of the "Engineered time-degradable explosives for use in munitions" over Patent Number 5511482 appear to be: 1. Engineered time-degradable explosive may be expected to result in a more reliable self-neutralization, since it does not rely on external environmental factors to accomplish the self-neutralization of the explosive. 2. Engineered time-degradable explosive may be expected to provide a more accurate self-neutralization time target. 3. Engineered time-degradable explosive can be used in a variety of existing explosive devices and may not require special design or re-tooling of the mechanical munition device. 4. Engineered time-degradable explosive may be formulated/engineered to achieve a wide spectrum of explosive intensity, based on specific goals 5. Engineered time-degradable explosive may be combined with other components, such as ball bearings to create a variety of explosive results. For instance, anti-personnel focus versus anti-armament.

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Title:                    Engineered time-degradable explosives for use in munitions

Explosive compounds which, if left uninitiated after deployment, undergo a process of self-neutralization.  This process is accomplished by at least two different methods:

1)      Through the use of chemical substances that are formulated and engineered to convert to a neutralizing/degrading agent for a specific explosive or specifically formulated explosive substance after a pre-determined period of time.  The time-activated neutralizing/degrading agent and complementary specific explosive are mixed together and constitute the engineered time-degradable explosive for use in munitions.

2)      Through the use of capsules that contain a neutralizing/degrading agent for a specifically designed explosive.  These capsules would have walls or cell membranes made up of a chemical substance that is designed to rupture or degrade after a pre-determined period of time, releasing the neutralizing/degrading agent contained in the capsules upon the specific explosive or specifically formulated explosive substance.  The time-activated capsules containing the neutralizing agent and complementary specific explosive are mixed together and constitute the engineered time-degradable explosive for use in munitions.