Browse Prior Art Database

Commercial Geographic Information System Implementation of Forest Fire Management Technique

IP.com Disclosure Number: IPCOM000104230D
Original Publication Date: 1993-Mar-01
Included in the Prior Art Database: 2005-Mar-18
Document File: 2 page(s) / 72K

Publishing Venue

IBM

Related People

Faber, BG: AUTHOR [+3]

Abstract

Disclosed is a method to implement the existing algorithms, concepts, and techniques for forest fire management using a commercial Geographic Information System (GIS), Relational Database Management System (RDBMS) and Office Automation system. The capabilities of the GIS system can be used and extended to provide the function of today's individual applications in forest fire management while maintaining common data sharing and user interface environments. Depending on the choice of the GIS system selected, the execution and development hardware platforms can vary extensively while still maintaining a common application level environment. The integrated forest fire management system operates ideally in a UNIX* environment allowing common data sharing, application access, and user interface.

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Commercial Geographic Information System Implementation of Forest Fire Management Technique

      Disclosed is a method to implement the existing algorithms,
concepts, and techniques for forest fire management using a
commercial Geographic Information System (GIS), Relational Database
Management System (RDBMS) and Office Automation system.  The
capabilities of the GIS system can be used and extended to provide
the function of today's individual applications in forest fire
management while maintaining common data sharing and user interface
environments.  Depending on the choice of the GIS system selected,
the execution and development hardware platforms can vary extensively
while still maintaining a common application level environment.  The
integrated forest fire management system operates ideally in a UNIX*
environment allowing common data sharing, application access, and
user interface.

      Prediction of fire behavior is accomplished with the input of
several data layers: weather data, forest fuel type data and
elevation data.  The integrated environment consists of collecting
and analyzing the weather stations to the main CPU connected via Wide
Area Network (ethernet or token ring).  The data is input to an
external RDBMS and moved to a commercial GIS for analysis and map
creation.  Further analysis of the weather data is done via a
temporal animation program that takes saved map images from the GIS
and "plays" them over time much like a video recorder.  This is a
visibility tool for detection changes in weather patterns.
Additionally, the user can take data from the RDBMS via an SQL query,
load it into an office spreadsheet and create desired charts.  All of
this integration is transparent and automatic for the user.  The
weather data can be distributed through electronic mail in the form
of text, charts or GIS maps.

      Next, the GIS is used to classify the forest into fuel types
and update this information by integr...