Browse Prior Art Database

Multimedia Signing Aid for the Deaf

IP.com Disclosure Number: IPCOM000110768D
Original Publication Date: 1994-Jan-01
Included in the Prior Art Database: 2005-Mar-26
Document File: 2 page(s) / 74K

Publishing Venue

IBM

Related People

Williams, FE: AUTHOR

Abstract

Signing is a well established method of communication with the deaf or hearing impaired person. Hand gestures are used to present information in a special sign language to the hearing impaired. That sign language is called signing. People with normal hearing and the ability to use signing (called interpreters) are typically in short supply. These very dedicated individuals often suffer a repetitive motion injury called carpal tunnel syndrome.

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Multimedia Signing Aid for the Deaf

      Signing is a well established method of communication with the
deaf or hearing impaired person.  Hand gestures are used to present
information in a special sign language to the hearing impaired.  That
sign language is called signing.  People with normal hearing and the
ability to use signing (called interpreters) are typically in short
supply.  These very dedicated individuals often suffer a repetitive
motion injury called carpal tunnel syndrome.

      This article describes a method of solving the problem through
the use of computer multimedia technology.  Use of the method
described in this article would reduce some of the need for these
interpreters and the number of hours they might need to spend signing
for the hearing impaired.  It would also increase access of the
hearing impaired to the spoken word.  Signing is the preferred visual
alternative for receptive communications.  It has been estimated that
there are 1.8 million in the United States and 1 out of 20 in Britain
that are severely hearing impaired.  The subject of this disclosure
can be of great importance to these people with special needs.

Advantages of this approach:

o   Allows people untrained in signing to communicate via signing

o   Provides the deaf with their preferred form of communication

o   Is well within the technology state of the art

o   Provides a method for translating radio and television voice to a
    form easily understood by the deaf

      Following is one implementation using multimedia techniques to
convert speech to sign language.  It is to be understood that other
implementations could be used.  In this implementation computer word
recognition (word reco) is used in an application which displays a
picture on the screen of the signing hands in response to the words
as recognized by the computer.  Many different word recognition
algorithms and multimedia archi...