Browse Prior Art Database

Electronic Method for Delivery of Geographic Information System Data for Disaster Management

IP.com Disclosure Number: IPCOM000111873D
Original Publication Date: 1994-Apr-01
Included in the Prior Art Database: 2005-Mar-26
Document File: 2 page(s) / 69K

Publishing Venue

IBM

Related People

Berger, BH: AUTHOR [+3]

Abstract

A method for timely delivery of Geographic Information System (GIS) data is disclosed. The exemplary application is forest-fire management and delivering fire-behavior prediction data to an initial attack crew fighting a fire. However, this disclosure would apply in any natural disaster management scenario.

This text was extracted from an ASCII text file.
This is the abbreviated version, containing approximately 52% of the total text.

Electronic Method for Delivery of Geographic Information System Data
for Disaster Management

      A method for timely delivery of Geographic Information System
(GIS) data is disclosed.  The exemplary application is forest-fire
management and delivering fire-behavior prediction data to an initial
attack crew fighting a fire.  However, this disclosure would apply in
any natural disaster management scenario.

      Prediction of fire growth in urban areas or forest areas is an
ongoing scientific problem.  Many algorithms exist today to enable
accurate prediction of fire growth.  These algorithms can be encoded
in a Geographic Information System (GIS) product where spatial and
attribute data for the urban or forest area reside.  Delivery of the
essential GIS information to the forest fire management team or any
applicable disaster management-type function can be completed by
using the following steps:

1.  Within the GIS product, the initial location(s) for a newly
    sighted fire (or similar natural disaster) are digitized and
    displayed.  Now a typical growth model is applied for a specified
    time interval.  This produces a new map depicting how adjacent
    areas to the fire are affected based on various modeling factors
    such as wind, wind direction, or temperature.

2.  A map of the fire growth model after a certain time interval is
    key information to the initial attack crew of fire-fighters.
    This information needs to be distributed in a timely fashion.

3.  The GIS fire growth map that was created is saved.  Note that
    multiple-fire growth maps in desired time intervals could be
    saved.

4.  The macro language provided by the GIS or a Graphical User
    Interface (GUI) that could be built is used to integrate the GIS
    to the office product.  In fact, the office product is accessed
    through a GUI.

5.  A sample pulldown optio...