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A History of the Information Processing Techniques Office of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

IP.com Disclosure Number: IPCOM000127913D
Original Publication Date: 1992-Oct-01
Included in the Prior Art Database: 2005-Sep-14
Document File: 275 page(s) / 1M

Publishing Venue

Software Patent Institute

Related People

Arthur L. Norberg: AUTHOR [+5]

Abstract

This report has been sponsored by the Computing Systems Technology Office and the Software and Intelligent Systems Technology Office of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, and has been prepared under NASA-Ames Research Grant NAG 2-532, subcontract USC/PO 473764. The views and conclusions contained in this document are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as representing the official policies or views, either expressed or implied, of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, or the U.S. Government. This report is dedicated to Dr. J.C.R. Licklider, founding director of IPTO. His remarkable vision for the Office encompassed aspirations for DARPA, the Department of Defense Command and Control mission, and a broad and exciting role for the Information Processing community.

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THIS DOCUMENT IS AN APPROXIMATE REPRESENTATION OF THE ORIGINAL.

Copyright 1992 by the Charles Babbage Institute. Used with permission.

A History of the Information Processing Techniques Office of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

Arthur L. Norberg and Judy E. O'Neill with contributions by Kerry J. Freedman

Charles Babbage Institute, 103 Walter Library, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, 55455, USA

A HISTORY OF THE INFORMATION PROCESSING TECHNIQUES OFFICE OF THE DEFENSE ADVANCED RESEARCH PROJECTS AGENCY

Arthur L. Norberg and Judy E. O'Neill with contributions by Kerry J. Freedman

This report has been sponsored by the Computing Systems Technology Office and the Software and Intelligent Systems Technology Office of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, and has been prepared under NASA-Ames Research Grant NAG 2-532, subcontract USC/PO 473764. The views and conclusions contained in this document are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as representing the official policies or views, either expressed or implied, of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, or the U.S. Government.

The Charles Babbage Institute

The University of Minnesota
Minneapolis, MN
October DEDICATION
This report is dedicated to Dr. J.C.R. Licklider, founding director of IPTO. His remarkable vision for the Office encompassed aspirations for DARPA, the Department of Defense Command and Control mission, and a broad and exciting role for the Information Processing community.

Copyright 1992 by the Charles Babbage Institute. The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) was established by President Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1958 in the wake of the Soviet launch of Sputnik. The agency was given a charter to get the United States into space and to insure that this kind of technological surprise would never happen again. DARPA was to maintain a technological vigil for national security and provide a quick reaction capability in technological matters for national defense.

Shortly after the establishment of NASA, DARPA transferred the civilian portion of its space program to the new space organization. The remaining DARPA efforts were augmented and expanded in several areas such as missile defense, materials science, and command and control. Out of the latter effort emerged a broad ranging program of research and development in computers and networking managed by the Information Processing Techniques Office (IPTO) that was to become a major driving force in the evolution of information technology within the

Charles Babbage Institute Page 1 Oct 01, 1992

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A History of the Information Processing Techniques Office of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

United States. IPTO existed in DARPA between 1962 and 1986. To many people, the accomplishments of DARPA were synonymous with the accomplishments of IPTO.

Surprisingly, few people know very much abo...