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USING COMPUTER ASSISTED CARTOGRAPHY TO M[AP THE U.S. ENERGY SYSTIM

IP.com Disclosure Number: IPCOM000128312D
Original Publication Date: 1978-Dec-31
Included in the Prior Art Database: 2005-Sep-15
Document File: 5 page(s) / 21K

Publishing Venue

Software Patent Institute

Related People

Frank R. Drysdale: AUTHOR [+5]

Abstract

Most descriptions of the United States energy system are aggregated to the state or national level, and are usually in prose, tabular, or flow-chart form. To improve our understanding as to where fuels are produced and used, and the effects of the U.S. energy system aconputer generated atlas of several energy related variables was produced for the country using the county as the basic mapping unit. Existing computer mapping software was used by users new to the computer center as well as the software to produce color maps vividly displaying the heterogeneity of the U.S. energy system. DOE Contract No. W-74505-eng-48

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THIS DOCUMENT IS AN APPROXIMATE REPRESENTATION OF THE ORIGINAL.

USING COMPUTER ASSISTED CARTOGRAPHY TO M[AP THE U.S. ENERGY SYSTIM

by

Frank R. Drysdale Brookhaven National Laboratory

Peter M. Wood Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory

Charles E. Calef Brookhaven National Laboratory

June 1978

ABSTRACT

Most descriptions of the United States energy system are aggregated to the state or national level, and are usually in prose, tabular, or flow-chart form. To improve our understanding as to where fuels are produced and used, and the effects of the U.S. energy system aconputer generated atlas of several energy related variables was produced for the country using the county as the basic mapping unit. Existing computer mapping software was used by users new to the computer center as well as the software to produce color maps vividly displaying the heterogeneity of the U.S. energy system.

DOE Contract No. W-74505-eng-48

BACKGROUND

Since 1974 the Biomedical and Environmental Assessment Division of Brookhaven National Laboratory has been assessing the environmental and health impacts of energy related activities at the national level. The primary reasons for this work are to relate specific health and environmental impacts to specific energy activities, particularly the stages of various electricity generation fuel cycles, and to create an adequate foundation for the analysis of impacts associated with alternative fuel mixes in the U. S. energy system.

During the early phases of our work we became somewhat dissatisfied with using values solely aggreggated to the national level, because there was so much heterogeneity and lack of randomness that national averages were misleading. We could perceive this, but we could not document it. We concluded that what was needed to adequately address the problem was a fine-grain geographical approach.

METHOD

The general features of our method to create a fine-grain rendition of the U. S. energy system and its impacts, included:

University of California at Berkeley Page 1 Dec 31, 1978

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USING COMPUTER ASSISTED CARTOGRAPHY TO M[AP THE U.S. ENERGY SYSTIM

. Define the basic unit for presentation, the county;

2. Collect and record to cards as much county and state energy data as we could find;

3. Write and continually modify a rather detailed accounting program, COENBU, which would: a. in the absence of county-level data redistribute state-level variables to counties; b. calculate air pollutant emissions in each county; C. reaggregate county-level calculations to the Water Resources Councils sub-region, state, and national levels,

4. Develop a method for presenting our results, an atlas,, with tables, graphs, and maps.

Initially, we made several hand-drawn maps. These were fun (and therapeutic), but uneven in quality, often contained errors, and very time consuming. We needed a better way. A program named CARTE was perfect for our purposes (see sample map).

CARTE was developed for a Department of Labor proje...