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The Structure of Discourse and "Subordination"

IP.com Disclosure Number: IPCOM000128671D
Original Publication Date: 1987-Dec-31
Included in the Prior Art Database: 2005-Sep-16

Publishing Venue

Software Patent Institute

Related People

Christian Matthiessen: AUTHOR [+4]

Abstract

1 2 Interpreting the clause combinations to be studied 2 2.1 Characterization by exemplification 2 2.2 General characterization of clause combining 3 2.3 Type of function: embedding vs. clause combining 4 2.3.1 Embedding 5 2.3.2 Combining by coordination 10

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THIS DOCUMENT IS AN APPROXIMATE REPRESENTATION OF THE ORIGINAL.

The Structure of Discourse and "Subordination"

Christian Matthiessen Sandra A. Thompson

ISI Reprint Series ISIIRS-87-183 April 1987 University of Southern California Reprinted from Clause Combining in Discourse and Grammar. INFORMATION SCIENCES INSTITUTE 213/822-1511

9676 Admiralty Way/Marina dd Rey/California 90292-6695

This research was supported by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research Contract No. F49620 79 C 0181. The views and conclusions in this report are those of the authors' and should not be interpreted as necessarily representing the official policies or endorsements, either explicit or implied, of the Air Force Office of Scientific Research of the U.S. Government.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

We are grateful to the Netherlands Institute for Advanced Study for fellowship support for Sandra Thompson during part of the preparation of this paper. We are also grateful to a number of people for discussion, advice, and feedback on the ideas in this paper: Henning Andersen, Joan Bybee, Susanna Gumming, Cecilia Ford, Barbara Fox, Erica Garcia, Talmy Givon, Mike Hannay, Ruqaiya Hasan, Nikolaus Himmelmann, Teun Hoekstra, Christian Lehmann, Lachlan Mackenzie, Lynell Marchese, Marianne Mithun, Tom Payne, Hans-Jurgen Sasse, Anne Stewart. and Sebastian Votre. None of these people necessarily agrees with the use we may have made of their input, but we hope all of them will recognize their positive influence on the shape it has taken. The contribution of each of the authors is equal.

1SI Reprint Series This report is one in a series of reprints of articles and papers written by ISI research staff and published in professional journals and conference proceedings. For a complete list of ISt reports, write to

Document Distribution USC/Information Sciences Institute

4676 Admiralty Way Marina del Rey, CA 90292-6695 USA

Table of Contents

1 Introduction 1 2 Interpreting the clause combinations to be studied 2 2.1 Characterization by exemplification 2 2.2 General characterization of clause combining 3 2.3 Type of function: embedding vs. clause combining 4 2.3.1 Embedding 5 2.3.2 Combining by coordination 10

1 2.4 Two decrees of clause combining: hypotaxis and coordination 10 2.5 Type of interdependence in clause combining 12 2.6 The function of clauses in combination vs. the class of a clause 13 2.7 Why not "subordinate" or "adverbial" clause? 15 2.8 Towards a discourse characterization 15 3 Relations in discourse structure 16 3.1 Text relations: an overview 16 3.2 Individual relations 23 3.2.1 ENABLE\%IENT 23 3.2.2 yIOTIVATION 25 3.2.3 BACKGROUND 26 3.2.4 CONCESSION 26 3.2.5 CIRCUMSTANCE, ELABORATION 27 3.2.6

University of Southern California Page 1 Dec 31, 1987

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The Structure of Discourse and "Subordination"

SOLL'TIONHOOD, ANTITHESIS, PURPOSE, CONDITION `?8 3.2.7 Typology of rhetorical relations 32 3.3 Summary 34 4 Text Relations and Enhancing Hypotaxis 35 4.1 Analogy bet...