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Interpretation in Generation

IP.com Disclosure Number: IPCOM000128674D
Original Publication Date: 1987-Dec-31
Included in the Prior Art Database: 2005-Sep-16
Document File: 8 page(s) / 32K

Publishing Venue

Software Patent Institute

Related People

Eduard H. Hovy: AUTHOR [+3]

Abstract

The computer maxim garbage in, garbage out is especially true of language gener-ation. When a generator slavishly follows its input topics, it usually produces bad text. In order to find more appropriate forms of expression, generators must be given the ability to interpret their input topics. Often, newly formed interpretations can help generators achieve their pragmatic goals with respect to the hearer. Since in-terpretation requires some inference; generators must exercise some control over the inference process. Some general strategies of control, and some specific techniques geared toward achieving pragmatic goals, are described in this paper.

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THIS DOCUMENT IS AN APPROXIMATE REPRESENTATION OF THE ORIGINAL.

Interpretation in Generation

Eduard H. Hovy

ISI Reprint Series ISIIRS-87-186 April 1987 University of Southern California I ~ J Reprinted from Proceedings of the Sixth National Conference of the American Association of Artificial Intelligence, held July 13-17, 1987, in Seattle, Washington. INFORMATION SCIENCES INSTITUTE 213/822-1511

4676 Admiralty Way/Marina del Rey/California 90292-6695 This research was supported in part by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research Contract No. F4962087 C 0005 and in part by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency Contract No. N00014 82 K 0149. The views and conclusions in this report are those of the author and should not be interpreted as necessarily representing the official policies or endorsements, either explicit or implied, of the Air Force Office of Scientific Research or DARPA.

!S! Reprint Series This report is one in a series of reprints of articles and papers written by ISl research staff and published in professional journals and conference proceedings. For a complete list of ISI reports, write to

Document Distribution USC/Information Sciences Institute

4676 Admiralty Way Marina del Rey, CA 90292-6695 USA NTERPRETATION IN GENERATION

Eduard H. Hovy

Information Sciences Institute of the University of Southern California

4676 Admiralty Way Marina del Rey, CA 90292-8695 Telephone: 213-$22-1511 HOVY Q VAXA.ISLEDU

Abstract

The computer maxim garbage in, garbage out is especially true of language gener-ation. When a generator slavishly follows its input topics, it usually produces bad text. In order to find more appropriate forms of expression, generators must be given the ability to interpret their input topics. Often, newly formed interpretations can help generators achieve their pragmatic goals with respect to the hearer. Since in-terpretation requires some inference; generators must exercise some control over the inference process. Some general strategies of control, and some specific techniques geared toward achieving pragmatic goals, are described in this paper.

To appear in the AAAI-87 conference proceedings, 19$7.

This work was done while the author was at Yale University Computer Science Department, 2158 Yale Station, New Haven, CT 06520-2158.

University of Southern California Page 1 Dec 31, 1987

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Interpretation in Generation

This work was supported in part by the Advanced Research Projects Agency monitored by the Office of Naval Research under contract N00014-82-K-0149. It was also supported by AFOSR contract F49620-87-60005.

1 The Problem

Simply put, the generator's task, for a given sentence topic, is to find a form of expression - either a syntactic rule or a phrase - that will enable it to select and to order aspects of the topic in order to build a sentence. The straightforward approach is to define a fixed correspondence between topic representation types on the one hand and grammatical rules...