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PROTOCOLS OF USERS MANIPULATING VISUALLY PRESENTED INFORMATION WITH NATURAL LANGUAGE

IP.com Disclosure Number: IPCOM000128813D
Original Publication Date: 1982-Dec-31
Included in the Prior Art Database: 2005-Sep-19
Document File: 40 page(s) / 95K

Publishing Venue

Software Patent Institute

Related People

Candace L. Sidner: AUTHOR [+3]

Abstract

This document contains a complete set of transcripts for a set of protocols collected at BBN by Candy Sidner, with the "~ help of Rusty Bobrow and Jeff Gibbons, in the spring of 1980. In all, eight protocols were collectedv two preliminary ones and six main ones. The two preliminary protocols are based on the task of designing a 1 bit adder and a 4 bit parallel adder as are three of the main protocols, while the other three make use of RL-1 as a database system with graphic representation. The purpose of these protocols, and hence the design of the tasks, was to obtain data about how people talk about graphically presented material which they are trying to manipulate in some way. In particular, we were interested in the kinds of references people made and what sorts of instructions they gave to the machine.

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This is the abbreviated version, containing approximately 6% of the total text.

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THIS DOCUMENT IS AN APPROXIMATE REPRESENTATION OF THE ORIGINAL.

PROTOCOLS OF USERS MANIPULATING VISUALLY PRESENTED INFORMATION WITH NATURAL LANGUAGE

Candace L. Sidner

September 1982

Prepared under Contract No. ARPA: N00014-77-C-0378 Prepared by:

Bolt Beranek and Newman Inc.

10 Moulton Street Cambridge, Massachusetts 02238

Prepared for:

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

This research was supported by the Advanced Research Projects Agency of the Department of Defense and was monitored by ONR under Contract No. N00014-77-C-0378. The views and conclusions contained in this document are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as necessarily representing the official policies, either expressed or implied, of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency or the U. S. Government. Report No. 5128 Bolt Beranek and Newman Inc.

1. INTRODUCTION TO THIS PAPER

This document contains a complete set of transcripts for a set of protocols collected at BBN by Candy Sidner, with the "~ help of Rusty Bobrow and Jeff Gibbons, in the spring of 1980. In all, eight protocols were collectedv two preliminary ones and six main ones. The two preliminary protocols are based on the task of designing a 1 bit adder and a 4 bit parallel adder as are three of the main protocols, while the other three make use of RL-1 as a database system with graphic representation. The purpose of these protocols, and hence the design of the tasks, was to obtain data about how people talk about graphically presented material which they are trying to manipulate in some way. In particular, we were interested in the kinds of references people made and what sorts of instructions they gave to the machine.

The transcripts given here contain all the instructions given both to the user and to the person who simulated a natural ""` language understanding system, often referred to here as the system or the machine. All the graphic displays drawn and all the communication between user and system are given as well. The slides of graphic displays have not been editted or changed in any way. As a result they look somewhat cluttered, and the quality of the reproduction is poor. However, they will provide the reader with a better understanding of the interaction between user and "system." Bolt Beranek and Newman Inc. Report No. 5128

The preliminary protocols permitted us to observe potential problems in protocol collection. Two persons, henceforth referred to as A and B, played the part of the system in both protocols, while persons C and P were users (respectively) for those sessions. A and B divided the task of being the system into one person to draw displays and the other to communicate with the user.

Bolt, Beranek & Newman, Inc. Page 1 Dec 31, 1982

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PROTOCOLS OF USERS MANIPULATING VISUALLY PRESENTED INFORMATION WITH NATURAL LANGUAGE

The user and system communicated with a two way link over 0100 terminals with a transcript maintained from a TELNET log file. Perso...