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SAGE A Data-Processing System for Air Defense

IP.com Disclosure Number: IPCOM000129419D
Original Publication Date: 1983-Oct-01
Included in the Prior Art Database: 2005-Oct-06
Document File: 10 page(s) / 41K

Publishing Venue

Software Patent Institute

Related People

ROBERT R. EVERETT: AUTHOR [+4]

Abstract

The paper is adapted from a presentation at the 1957 Eastern Joint Computer Conference. The authors give details of the Semi-Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) system and how it developed.

This text was extracted from a PDF file.
This is the abbreviated version, containing approximately 10% of the total text.

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THIS DOCUMENT IS AN APPROXIMATE REPRESENTATION OF THE ORIGINAL.

Copyright ©; 1983 by the American Federation of Information Processing Societies, Inc. Used with permission.

SAGE A Data-Processing System for Air Defense

ROBERT R. EVERETT

CHARLES A. ZRAKET

HERBERT D. BENINGTON

   (Image Omitted: © 1957 IRE (now IEEE). Reprinted with permission from Proceedings of Eastern Joint Computer Conference, Washington, D.C., December 1957, pp. 148-155. Authors' Addresses: R. R. Everett and C. A. Zraket, MITRE Corporation, Burlington Road, Bedford, MA 01730. H. D. Benington, System Development Corporation, 7929 Westpark Drive, McLean, VA 22101. Illustrations courtesy MITRE Archives. © 1983AFIPSo164-1239/83/040330-339

SAGE A Data-Processing System for Air Defense

ROBERT R. EVERETT

CHARLES A. ZRAKET

HERBERT D. BENINGTON .00/00)

The paper is adapted from a presentation at the 1957 Eastern Joint Computer Conference. The authors give details of the Semi-Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) system and how it developed.

Categories and Subject Descriptors: K.2 [History of Computing] -- hardware, SAGE, software, systems General Terms: Design, Management Additional Key Words and Phrases: defense, Lincoln Laboratory, U.S. Air Force, real-time control, AN/FSQ-7, FST-2

Editor's Note

The definition of the SAGE system evolved from the Air Defense Systems Engineering Committee (Valley Committee) concept through many modifications as Lincoln Laboratory, the other contractors, and the U.S. Air Force faced fiscal, technical, and operational realities. By 1956, the definition of the design of SAGE was substantially fixed; most of the critical subsystems had been tested in either the Cape Cod System or the Experimental SAGE Sector. Adequate money was available. The prime contractors were able to predict how long it would take to do their jobs. Instead of writing a new paper on the definition of the design of SAGE, we have chosen to reprint a paper written in 1957, the year before the SAGE system became operational. The paper describes SAGE and all its subsystems as it was understood at the time.

By 1957, some of the SAGE direction-center buildings had been built and some of the subsystems had been installed. The System Program Office was functioning effectively, and all the participants had planned their actions according to a master schedule prepared by the Air Defense Engineering Services Project Office. The following paper was presented at the Eastern Joint Computer Conference in December 1957 in Washington. Changes made in the system

IEEE Computer Society, Oct 01, 1983 Page 1 IEEE Annals of the History of Computing Volume 5 Number 4, Pages 330-339

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SAGE A Data-Processing System for Air Defense

after that time were generally those required to adjust (cut back) the system to match the available monies and to correct for the overestimates made by the designers. The changes also reflected the declining priority of air defense, the growing awareness of the...