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The IBM 650 and the Universities

IP.com Disclosure Number: IPCOM000129483D
Original Publication Date: 1986-Jan-01
Included in the Prior Art Database: 2005-Oct-06
Document File: 4 page(s) / 23K

Publishing Venue

Software Patent Institute

Related People

BERNARD A. GALLER: AUTHOR [+2]

Abstract

Galler refers to the IBM Educational Grant Plan in his paper. For many years, IBM had a policy of a rental reduction, always called an ";educational grant,"; for providing punched-card equipment to colleges and universities. I first knew of this policy at Michigan State College (now University), where I taught mathematics, when I helped the registrar obtain a set of punched-card equipment for registration purposes. The grant was 20 percent of the first-shift rental; I do not remember the policy with respect to possible second- and third-shift usage.

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THIS DOCUMENT IS AN APPROXIMATE REPRESENTATION OF THE ORIGINAL.

Copyright ©; 1986 by the American Federation of Information Processing Societies, Inc. Used with permission.

The IBM 650 and the Universities

BERNARD A. GALLER

(Image Omitted: © 1986 by the American Federation of Information Processing Societies, Inc. Permission to copy without fee all or part of this material is granted provided that the copies are not made or distributed for direct commercial advantage, the AFIPS copyright notice and the title of the publication and its date appear, and notice is given that the copying is by permission of the American Federation of Information Processing Societies, Inc. To copy otherwise, or to republish, requires specific permission. Author's Address: Computing Center, University of Michigan, 1075 Beal Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109. Categories and Subject Descriptors: C.1.1 [Processor Architectures], Single Data Stream Architectures; K.2 [History of Computing] -- hardware, IBM 650, people, software. General Terms: Design. Additional Key Words and

Phrases: education. © 1986 AFIPS 0164-1239/86/010036-038

The IBM 650 and the Universities

BERNARD A. GALLER .00/00)

Editor's Note

Galler refers to the IBM Educational Grant Plan in his paper. For many years, IBM had a policy of a rental reduction, always called an "educational grant," for providing punched-card equipment to colleges and universities. I first knew of this policy at Michigan State College (now University), where I taught mathematics, when I helped the registrar obtain a set of punched- card equipment for registration purposes. The grant was 20 percent of the first-shift rental; I do not remember the policy with respect to possible second- and third-shift usage.

Following a 1954 conversation between James R. Killian, president of MIT, and Thomas J. Watson, Jr., president of IBM (see J. R. Killian, "The Education of a College President: A Memoir, " MIT Press, 1985, p. 262), I entered into negotiations with Philip Morse, professor of physics at MIT, leading to installation of an IBM 704 in the New England Computing Center at MIT in early 1957. Fernando J. Corbato was director of the center. Also in 1954 I visited Stanford University, the University of Michigan, the University of Illinois, and the University of California at Berkeley and at Los Angeles to determine if a similar center should be established that would offer instruction to students who might be interested in the uses of computing for management and business. UCLA was selected, and an IBM 709 was installed at the Western Data Processing Center in 1958 for the use of 32 colleges and universities in the western states. George Brown was the director of the center. Illinois, Michigan, and UC Berkeley had expressed interest in having regional centers as well. The expense of each center was great, however, and Tom Watson and I also hoped that the newly announced 650 would be used by at least a modest number of universities...