Browse Prior Art Database

Information Processing Language V on the IBM 650

IP.com Disclosure Number: IPCOM000129486D
Original Publication Date: 1986-Jan-01
Included in the Prior Art Database: 2005-Oct-06
Document File: 5 page(s) / 26K

Publishing Venue

Software Patent Institute

Related People

HERBERT A. SIMON: AUTHOR [+3]

Abstract

In view of the current increasing interest in artificial intelligence, the importance of the work described by Simon and Newell cannot be overstated. They were participants in the Dartmouth Summer Research Project on Artificial Intelligence in 1956 and almost certainly spoke of IPL-II and its ability to operate on lists, which Jean Sammet (1969) refers to as ";one of the most significant events that has ever occurred in programming. "; John McCarthy, Marvin Minsky, Nat Pochester, and Claude Shannon organized the Dartmouth project and would have learned of IPL-II there if not before. Herbert Stoyan (1956-1959) has speculated on the effect of the Newell and Simon work on McCarthy and thus the development of LISP. The application of that language and its successors on the 650 and other computers formed the basis of main branches of artificial intelligence as it exists today.

This text was extracted from a PDF file.
This is the abbreviated version, containing approximately 20% of the total text.

Page 1 of 5

THIS DOCUMENT IS AN APPROXIMATE REPRESENTATION OF THE ORIGINAL.

Copyright ©; 1986 by the American Federation of Information Processing Societies, Inc. Used with permission.

Information Processing Language V on the IBM 650

HERBERT A. SIMON

ALLEN NEWELL

(Image Omitted: © 1986 by the American Federation of Information Processing Societies, Inc. Permission to copy without fee all or part of this material is granted provided that the copies are not made or distributed for direct commercial advantage, the AFIPS copyright notice and the title of the publication and its date appear, and notice is given that the copying is by permission of the American Federation of Information Processing Societies, Inc. To copy otherwise, or to republish, requires specific permission. Authors' Addresses: H. A. Simon, Department of Psychology, Carnegie- Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213; A. Newell, Department of Computer Science, Carnegie-Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213. Categories and Subject Descriptors: C.1.1 [Processor Architectures], Single Data Stream Architectures; K.2 [History of Computing] -- hardware, IBM 650, IPL, people, software. General Terms: Design, Languages. Additional Key Words and Phrases: artificial intelligence, education. © 1986 AFIPS 0164-

1239/86/010047-049

Information Processing Language V on the IBM 650

HERBERT A. SIMON

ALLEN NEWELL .00/00)

Editor's Note

In view of the current increasing interest in artificial intelligence, the importance of the work described by Simon and Newell cannot be overstated. They were participants in the Dartmouth Summer Research Project on Artificial Intelligence in 1956 and almost certainly spoke of IPL-II and its ability to operate on lists, which Jean Sammet (1969) refers to as "one of the most significant events that has ever occurred in programming. " John McCarthy, Marvin Minsky, Nat Pochester, and Claude Shannon organized the Dartmouth project and would have learned of IPL-II there if not before. Herbert Stoyan (1956-1959) has speculated on the effect of the Newell and Simon work on McCarthy and thus the development of LISP. The application of that language and its successors on the 650 and other computers formed the basis of main branches of artificial intelligence as it exists today.

REFERENCES

Sammet, Jean E. 1969. Programming Languages: History and Fundamentals. Englewood Cliffs, N.J., Prentice-Hall, p. 388. Stoyan, Herbert. 1956- 1959. Early LISP History. University of Erlangen-Nurnberg, Erlangen, West Germany.

IEEE Computer Society, Jan 01, 1986 Page 1 IEEE Annals of the History of Computing Volume 8 Number 1, Pages 47-49

Page 2 of 5

Information Processing Language V on the IBM 650

This brief article will complement Alan Perlis's paper on the IBM 650 at Carnegie Institute of Technology (CIT), by recounting the story of the construction and use of the list-processing language, IPL-V, on that machine. In late 1954, the authors began a collaboration with J. C. (Cliff) Shaw in re...