Original Publication Date: 1988-Jun-30
Included in the Prior Art Database: 2005-Oct-06
Software Patent Institute
JEAN E. SAMMET: AUTHOR [+2]
THIS DOCUMENT IS AN APPROXIMATE REPRESENTATION OF THE ORIGINAL.
Copyright ©; 1988 by the American Federation of Information Processing Societies, Inc. Used with permission.
JEAN E. SAMMET,
This department attempts to help people think about the history of computing in new ways, through the mechanism of questions, with answers on a separate page -- thus permitting the reader to do self- testing. The answers list source material for further self-study on topics relating to the questions. Occasionally some questions will be used that have either no answers or controversial answers.
Readers are urged to send suggested questions (and answers with cited material) to the department editor.
1. For many years people have been playing games interactively with computers. When, where, and by whom was the first interactive computer game developed? What did it do? What is the game most often thought of as the first, pure computer game and who developed it, where and on what computer? Who built the first commercial arcade video game? What amount of money was spent on it?
2. Although RCA built a number of computers which became moderately well known in the late 1950s and early 1960s, it preceded that work with a much less known computer, that was -- I believe -- a "one of a kind." What was its name? For whom was it built and when was it delivered? What was the major application for which it was intended, and what were the machine's basic characteristics?
3. The Federal Aviation Administration is embarking on various upgrades to its computerized air traffic control system. When was the concept of a computerized system first considered, and when was it planned for operational use? What elements of the system were ready for early testing?
4. What is believed to be one of the early attempts to provide computer assistance for hospital workers manipulating data was developed in the mid-1960s. What organizations did the work, what equipment did they use, what hospital functions were automated, and what language was used to do the programming? What language did one of the participants later develop?
5. It is well known now that software costs generally exceed hardware costs. However, that was not true in earlier days. Approximately when did the crossover point (i.e., 50% for each) occur? What was the combined growth rate of software in the period 1975-85? What was the amount of estimated software industry revenue in the United States in 1968? What was the first single program product to reach sales of $100 million, and when was that amount reached?
Answers appear on page 233. nd part of work 1]
Answers to Self-Study Questions, page209.
JEAN E. SAMMET, EDITOR
IEEE Computer Society, Jun 30, 1988 Page 1 IEEE Annals of the History of Computing Volume 10 Number 3, Pages 209-234
Some questions have either no answers or controversial answers. If no specific source is provided, the answer represents th...