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Self- Study Questions

IP.com Disclosure Number: IPCOM000129595D
Original Publication Date: 1988-Mar-31
Included in the Prior Art Database: 2005-Oct-06
Document File: 4 page(s) / 21K

Publishing Venue

Software Patent Institute

Related People

JEAN E. SAMMET: AUTHOR [+2]

Abstract

This department attempts to help people think about the history of computing in new ways, through the mechanism of questions, with answers on a separate page -- thus permitting the reader to do self- testing. The answers list source material for further self-study on topics relating to the questions. Occasionally some questions will be used that have either no answers or controversial answers. Readers are urged to send suggested questions (and answers with cited material) to the department editor. 1. The 1985 Pioneer Day honored four computers: AVIDAC,ILLIAC,ORACLE, and ORDVAC. Why were these computers grouped together for a single Pioneer Day? When were they built and by whom? What were their similarities and differences? 2. A microprocessor containing 1 million transistors was announced in the first quarter of 1989. Even computer systems which are not microprocessors depend heavily on integrated circuits today. The following is a series of questions pertaining to the history of this topic.

This text was extracted from a PDF file.
This is the abbreviated version, containing approximately 28% of the total text.

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THIS DOCUMENT IS AN APPROXIMATE REPRESENTATION OF THE ORIGINAL.

Copyright ©; 1989 by the American Federation of Information Processing Societies, Inc. Used with permission.

Self- Study Questions

JEAN E. SAMMET, EDITOR

This department attempts to help people think about the history of computing in new ways, through the mechanism of questions, with answers on a separate page -- thus permitting the reader to do self- testing. The answers list source material for further self-study on topics relating to the questions. Occasionally some questions will be used that have either no answers or controversial answers. Readers are urged to send suggested questions (and answers with cited material) to the department editor.

1. The 1985 Pioneer Day honored four computers: AVIDAC,ILLIAC,ORACLE, and ORDVAC. Why were these computers grouped together for a single Pioneer Day? When were they built and by whom? What were their similarities and differences?

2. A microprocessor containing 1 million transistors was announced in the first quarter of 1989. Even computer systems which are not microprocessors depend heavily on integrated circuits today. The following is a series of questions pertaining to the history of this topic.

a) What two major technologies preceded the integrated circuit, and when were they prevalent?
b) What contribution did W. A. Dummer make, and when? c) Who was the first implementer of an integrated circuit, and when? Who showed how to automate the process? d) Who got the earliest patents for integrated circuits? e) Who founded Intel Corporation, and when? f) What companies offered integrated circuits commercially very early, and when was it? g) When was the first microprocessor introduced, and by whom? What was its identification number, and what did it contain?

3. Robots are used in a variety of places today. What is Shakey, and why is it significant in this context?

4. Ada is a large major language originally specified in 1979 under Department of Defense auspices, but used throughout the world and in many application areas. It is the first language whose validation was required from its beginning. What has been the number of validated compilers each year from 1983 (i.e., the first ones) through December 1988? How many different companies have sponsored validated Ada compilers in each of the three years 19861988? How much has usage increased in the past few years?

5. Over a period of many years, numerous movies have been made which involved a computer. This is a series of questions related to computers and movies. a) What was the name of the computer in the movie 2001? To what major computer company did the name have a connection? b) In what movie did the characters live inside a computer, and who made the movie? c) In the movie Three Days of the Condor with Robert Redford, which computer was involved? d) What computer company worked with Disney to supply the effects for the animated classic movie Fantasia?

Answers appear on pag...