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Self-Study Questions

IP.com Disclosure Number: IPCOM000129618D
Original Publication Date: 1989-Jun-30
Included in the Prior Art Database: 2005-Oct-06
Document File: 3 page(s) / 25K

Publishing Venue

Software Patent Institute

Related People

JEAN E. SAMMET: AUTHOR [+2]

Abstract

This department attempts to help people think about the history of computing in new ways, through the mechanism of questions, with answers on a separate page -- thus permitting the reader to do self- testing. The answers list source material for further self-study on topics relating to the questions. Occasionally some questions will be used that have either no answers or controversial answers. Readers are urged to send suggested questions (and answers with cited material) to the department editor. 1. In the early days of computer development, much of the important work took place at universities. What computers were developed on university campuses, and when? [Name both the computer and the university, as well as the year of the initial operation of the first computer (if there was more than one developed at the university.)] 2. In today's environment the distinction between ";scientific computing"; and ";business data processing"; has largely been eliminated as far as the design of computers themselves is concerned. However, that was not true in earlier times. a) What were the major hardware distinctions between the computers designed for those two major application areas? b) Name at least two examples of each. c) What major computer development deliberately chose to eliminate the distinction? What significance did that have for programming languages?

This text was extracted from a PDF file.
This is the abbreviated version, containing approximately 36% of the total text.

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THIS DOCUMENT IS AN APPROXIMATE REPRESENTATION OF THE ORIGINAL.

Copyright ©; 1989 by the American Federation of Information Processing Societies, Inc. Used with permission.

Self-Study Questions

JEAN E. SAMMET, EDITOR

This department attempts to help people think about the history of computing in new ways, through the mechanism of questions, with answers on a separate page -- thus permitting the reader to do self- testing. The answers list source material for further self-study on topics relating to the questions. Occasionally some questions will be used that have either no answers or controversial answers. Readers are urged to send suggested questions (and answers with cited material) to the department editor.

1. In the early days of computer development, much of the important work took place at universities. What computers were developed on university campuses, and when? [Name both the computer and the university, as well as the year of the initial operation of the first computer (if there was more than one developed at the university.)]

2. In today's environment the distinction between "scientific computing" and "business data processing" has largely been eliminated as far as the design of computers themselves is concerned. However, that was not true in earlier times. a) What were the major hardware distinctions between the computers designed for those two major application areas? b) Name at least two examples of each. c) What major computer development deliberately chose to eliminate the distinction? What significance did that have for programming languages?

3. The second quarter of 1989 marks the 20th and 25th anniversaries of two major announcements in the computer field. Who made the announcements? When and what were they?

4. Certain facilities, taken for granted on mainframe computers today, were not always available. What two major architectural features were initially introduced on which two British computers, and when?

5. The Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum is often said to be the most popular museum in the world. What happened at that museum which is very significant to readers of the Annals? When did it happen, and how is it documented?

6. At the AFIPS Spring Joint Computer Conference in 1972, the luncheon address was given by Professor Andrei P. Ershov, then at Novosibirsk University, and a member of the USSR Academy of Sciences. He was given a gift by the program committee. Where was that conference held, what was the gift, and why are those two facts related?

Answers appear on page 239. nd part of work 1]

Answers to Self-Study Questions, page 206.

JEAN E. SAMMET, EDITOR

Some questions have either no answers or controversial answers. If no specific source is provided, the answer represents the judgement of the department editor (usually supported by

IEEE Computer Society, Jun 30, 1989 Page 1 IEEE Annals of the History of Computing Volume 11 Number 3, Pages 206-233

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Self-Study Questions

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