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IEEE Annals of the History of Computing Volume 12 Number 3 -- Reviews

IP.com Disclosure Number: IPCOM000129671D
Original Publication Date: 1990-Jun-30
Included in the Prior Art Database: 2005-Oct-06
Document File: 6 page(s) / 29K

Publishing Venue

Software Patent Institute

Related People

PAUL CERUZZI: AUTHOR [+2]

Abstract

The Reviews Department features reviews of films, audio and videotapes, exhibits, and publications relating to the history of computing. Full-length studies of any technical, economic, business, social, or institutional aspect of the history of computing will be given a complete review. Dissertations, articles, and other studies of interest to Annals readers will be listed in a section on ";Other Literature, "; with full bibliographic citation and notes on its nature and availability. Colleagues are encouraged to participate by indicating their wish to review a work or by suggesting titles to the Reviews Editor. Reviews without a byline are by the editor.

This text was extracted from a PDF file.
This is the abbreviated version, containing approximately 15% of the total text.

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THIS DOCUMENT IS AN APPROXIMATE REPRESENTATION OF THE ORIGINAL.

Copyright ©; 1990 by the American Federation of Information Processing Societies, Inc. Used with permission.

Reviews

PAUL CERUZZI, EDITOR

The Reviews Department features reviews of films, audio and videotapes, exhibits, and publications relating to the history of computing. Full-length studies of any technical, economic, business, social, or institutional aspect of the history of computing will be given a complete review. Dissertations, articles, and other studies of interest to Annals readers will be listed in a section on "Other Literature, " with full bibliographic citation and notes on its nature and availability.

Colleagues are encouraged to participate by indicating their wish to review a work or by suggesting titles to the Reviews Editor.

Reviews without a byline are by the editor.

REVIEWS

Lilley, Dorothy B. and Ronald W. Trice. A History of Information Science 1945-1985. Library of Information Science Series, Harold Borko editor, Academic Press, Inc. 181 pages. 1989. $34.95.

Just before and after World War II, there began a ferment of ideas, methods, and participants devoted to supplementing or to replacing conventional library methods with new techniques, both in hardware and in methodology. This volume is concerned with the history of this activity.

I was an entrepreneur in information retrieval systems beginning in 1948, continuing until the mid 1960s, after which I then returned to the computer field. In the 1930s, the first action of the participants in this ferment was to rename the field. The name Library would not do. The new descriptive name Documentation was adopted. The motto was, "provide the document." Activities focused around microfilm, which was then in its infancy. The War provided a respite, but after it ended, the professional society was revived in the United Stales. With the prospect of electronic computers looming on the horizon, the enthusiasts brought forth new names such as retrospective searching, unconventional library systems, coordinate indexing, and information storage and retrieval for describing their activities.

In the 1960s, with electronic computers now well established, the enthusiasts labeled themselves with the more expansive term information science. The seriously-stated intent was to extend the scope of their claims of expertise into all aspects of the science of using computers for dealing with information. In reality, their activity was more accurately described as library engineering, i.e., the application of available new technologies to the library. The American Documentation Institute was renamed the American Society for Information Science (ASIS). ASIS currently has several thousand members, two active journals, and large annual national meetings.

The volume under review comes from this ASIS setting. Most of the names to be found in the book are, or have been, members of ASIS. The title of this volume describes it...