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IEEE Annals of the History of Computing Volume 14 Number 2 -- Reviews

IP.com Disclosure Number: IPCOM000129744D
Original Publication Date: 1992-Jun-30
Included in the Prior Art Database: 2005-Oct-07
Document File: 7 page(s) / 32K

Publishing Venue

Software Patent Institute

Related People

PAUL CERUZI: AUTHOR [+2]

Abstract

The Reviews department features reviews of films, audio- and videotapes, exhibits, and publications relating to the history of computing. Full-length studies of any technical, economic, business, social, or institutional aspect of the history of computing will be given a complete review. Dissertations, articles, and other studies of interest to Annals readers will be listed in a section on Other Literature, with full bibliographic citation and notes on its nature and availability. Colleagues are encouraged to participate by indicating their wish to review a work or by suggesting titles to the Reviews Editor. Reviews without a byline are by the editor.

This text was extracted from a PDF file.
This is the abbreviated version, containing approximately 13% of the total text.

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THIS DOCUMENT IS AN APPROXIMATE REPRESENTATION OF THE ORIGINAL.

Copyright ©; 1992 by the American Federation of Information Processing Societies, Inc. Used with permission.

Reviews

PAUL CERUZI, EDITOR

The Reviews department features reviews of films, audio- and videotapes, exhibits, and publications relating to the history of computing. Full-length studies of any technical, economic, business, social, or institutional aspect of the history of computing will be given a complete review. Dissertations, articles, and other studies of interest to Annals readers will be listed in a section on Other Literature, with full bibliographic citation and notes on its nature and availability.

Colleagues are encouraged to participate by indicating their wish to review a work or by suggesting titles to the Reviews Editor.

Reviews without a byline are by the editor.

REVIEWS

Editor's note: The US Office of Naval Research, as a primary supporter of basic research in the post-World War II era! played a critical role in fostering the growth of computing technology in the United States, as has been so well documented in the article by Mina Rees, "The Computing Program of the Office of Naval Research, 1946-1953, " Annals of the History of Computing, Vol. 4, 1982, pp. ]02-120. The following review of a recently published history of ONR should be read in the light of that article.

Harvey M. Sapolsky, Science and the Navy: The History of the Office of Naval Research, Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, N.J., 1990, xv + 142 pp., index.

This slight book, issued handsomely by a prestige press, is the product of an acute mind. Being Sapolsky's second book on science and the Navy -- his first and more informative, The Polaris System Development: Bureaucratic and Programmatic Success in Government (Harvard Univ. Press, 1972) -- this history of the Office of Naval Research distills 25 years of intimate acquaintance with Navy men and Navy ways, providing some brilliant characterizations of the sociology of the military and of the 'blue suitors'" worldview.

Less highly recommended is Sapolsky's own worldview. Sapolsky apparently believes that

1. American society needs the strongest, most technologically advanced military that it can possibly achieve, and that to this end not the scientific community but the military has the duty to get the most out of the nation's scientific and technological resources.

2. "No management system has been able to do" this job of efficient exploitation of science for the military, nor will one ever be found to do it. What the military should therefore do, because it is the best that it can do, is to attract from the world of academic science programs specialists and managers who have the savvy and the tenacity to "bridge the large gap that exists between the worlds of the Navy and of academic science" (p. 7).

IEEE Computer Society, Jun 30, 1992 Page 1 IEEE Annals of the History of Computing Volume 14 Number 2, Pages 60-63

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