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Biographies: Obituaries -- Marvin Camras, David G. Hayes, Bai Shangshu, Joseph Becker, George A. Garrett Disclosure Number: IPCOM000129953D
Original Publication Date: 1996-Sep-30
Included in the Prior Art Database: 2005-Oct-07
Document File: 5 page(s) / 24K

Publishing Venue

Software Patent Institute

Related People

IEEE Computer Society: OWNER


Biographies: Obituaries -- Marvin Camras, David G. Hayes, Bai Shangshu, Joseph Becker, George A. Garrett

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Copyright ©; 1996 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. All rights reserved. Used with permission.

Biographies: Obituaries -- Marvin Camras, David G. Hayes, Bai Shangshu, Joseph Becker, George A. Garrett

Obituaries -- Marvin Camras

Marvin Camras, the father of magnetic audio and video tape recording, died on June 23, 1995, of kidney failure in Evanston, III. He was 79.

Born in Chicago, Camras spent his entire 50-year career at the Illinois Institute of Technology, first as a student and later as a researcher and professor. He was awarded more than 500 patents in the technology of magnetic recording and is credited with the discovery of high- frequency bias, the development of multitrack recording, and the development of magnetic coatings for tapes and disks. He was inducted into the National Inventors' Hall of Fame in 1985 and was awarded the National Medal of Technology in 1990.

He is survived by his wife, Isabelle Pollak, four sons, and a daughter.

Although almost all of his work involved the recording of sound and pictures in the form of analog signals, the wire and metal tape audio recorders that sprang from his work just after World War II showed the first post-ENIAC computer designers that magnetic recording of digital signals on the surface of metallic tapes and drums was feasible. His constant improvement of magnetic coatings on plastic tapes for audio recording showed the way to the reliable magnetic tape storage systems of the boom years of the big mainframe computers and later to the ubiquitous magnetic disk storage systems of today.

Although none of his publications refer directly to computing storage and the word "computer" is never mentioned in his 1991 oral history, his contribution to magnetic storage on drum, tape, and disk, which was essential to computer development, qualifies him as a computing pioneer.

Obituaries -- David G. Hayes

David G. Hays, computational linguist at the Rand Corporation and SUNY at Buffalo, died on July 26, 1995, in White Plains, N.Y., of lung cancer. He was 66.

Born in Memphis, Tenn., Hays graduated from Harvard in 1951, from which he subsequently earned a PhD in sociology. Initially he taught at the Rand Corporation in Santa Monica, Calif., where he was project leader on computational linguistics from 1955 to 1968. He wrote about computer-assisted language processing as early as 1957. From 1968 to 1980 he was professor of linguistics, computer science, and information and library studies at SUNY at Buffalo. From 1980 until his death he worked as an independent researcher, writer, and consultant in New York City and taught online courses at the New School for Social Research.

Initially he was influential in his field, for a while being in charge of Computational Linguistics, the journal of the Association for Computational Linguistics. During his tenure the journal attempted publication only in micro...