Browse Prior Art Database

Personal Computing Disclosure Number: IPCOM000131237D
Original Publication Date: 1978-Sep-01
Included in the Prior Art Database: 2005-Nov-10
Document File: 19 page(s) / 63K

Publishing Venue

Software Patent Institute

Related People

Portia Isaacson: AUTHOR [+8]


Digicast Project Journal of Intelligent Machines

This text was extracted from a PDF file.
This is the abbreviated version, containing approximately 6% of the total text.

Page 1 of 19


This record contains textual material that is copyright ©; 1978 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. All rights reserved. Contact the IEEE Computer Society (714-821-8380) for copies of the complete work that was the source of this textual material and for all use beyond that as a record from the SPI Database.

Personal Computing

Portia Isaacson

Electronic Data Systems
Robert C. Gammill
North Dakota State University
Richard S. Heiser
The Computer Store
Adam Osborne
Osborne and Associates, Inc.

Larry Tesler Xerox Corporation
Jim C. Warren, Jr.

Digicast Project Journal of Intelligent Machines

In the home, in business, in science, in education, the personal computer is an increasingly available resource, prompting widespread attention to both its use and its impact.

The personal computer defies exact definition. Any general- purpose computer affordable by an individual is certainly a personal computer. If that same computer is used by a company, it is still a personal computer. Even in the company, it would probably be dedicated to use by a person or small group. In a company, a person's computer may be analogous to his desk -- the desk is personal even though it is owned by the company. Just as an automobile may be the personal property of one family member or shared by the entire family, so can the personal computer be singly used or shared, perhaps even time-shared.

A personal computing resource might be defined very broadly as the dedication of a substantial low-cost computing capability to an individual or small group. This general definition would include not only low-cost general-purpose computers but also machines that exhibit substantial computing capability but fall short of being general-purpose computers. A time-sharing terminal could be regarded as a personal computing resource -- the forerunner of today's personal computers.

Personal computers may be designed for specific markets or application areas. The scope of this blueprint paper includes the following types of personal computers: home or consumer computers, hobby computers, business personal computers, personal computers for education, and personal scientific computers. In addition, some of us view a very intelligent device that contains an embedded

This article represents a consensus of the authors' views, but does not necessarily reflect their individual opinions or those of the organizations they represent

general-purpose personal computer as a personal computer with a restricted user interface. Some examples of personal computer systems are discussed further below.

The personal computer today

The home or consumer computer.

IEEE Computer Society, Sep 01, 1978 Page 1 IEEE Computer Volume 11 Number 9, Pages 86-97

Page 2 of 19

Personal Computing

It is generally thought that a computer must cost under $1000 to have mass-market appeal. A machine at that...