IEEE Computer Volume 15 Number 4 -- NEW APPLICATIONS & RECENT RESEARCH
Original Publication Date: 1982-Apr-01
Included in the Prior Art Database: 2005-Nov-11
Software Patent Institute
Demetrios Michalopoulos: AUTHOR [+3]
NEW APPLICATIONS & RECENT RESEARCH * Blind telephone operators man computerized consoles * Marathoners pound the pavement with some quot;computerized"; halo
THIS DOCUMENT IS AN APPROXIMATE REPRESENTATION OF THE ORIGINAL.
This record contains textual material that is copyright ©; 1982 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. All rights reserved. Contact the IEEE Computer Society http://www.computer.org/ (714-821-8380) for copies of the complete work that was the source of this textual material and for all use beyond that as a record from the SPI Database.
NEW APPLICATIONS & RECENT RESEARCH
New Products Editor: Prof. Demetrios Michalopoulos
California State University, Fullerton
(Image Omitted: More than 32,000 wire segments (totaling nearly 70 miles of wire) are installed in each of Boeing's jetliners such as the 747 shown above. The company's Wire Information Release System, a program run on its IBM 3033 computer, tracks the size of each wire, its type, length, routing in the plane, termination points, types of connectors, and assigned bundle. The computer also monitors the thousands of engineering changes to each plane's original wiring plan during and after assembly.)
System links Ginna reactor with 64 nuclear utilities
During the January 25th emergency at the Ginna nuclear power plant near Rochester, New York, 64 nuclear utilities from around the country exchanged technical information with the troubled plant via an "electronic conferencing" telecommunications network called Notepad.
Through Notepad, which is owned and operated by Infomedia Corporation of San Bruno, California, utilities' experts at various locations including INPO (the Institute of Nuclear Power Organizations) sought details and pieced together an accurate picture of events at the reactor.
A spokesperson at Rochester Gas and Electric, which operates the Ginna reactor, said that the Notepad system had greatly speeded the Rochester utility's response to the emergency.
On the 25th a "site emergency" was declared at the plant when a tube in the reactor's cooling system ruptured. The reactor was shut down automatically and cooled to below its normal operating temperatures within hours after the incident.
Notepad was installed by the Nuclear Safety Analysis Center in Palo Alto, California, shortly after the Three Mile Island nuclear accident in 1979. The hookup reflected a heightened awareness on the part of utilities of the role of communications in emergencies. During the Three Mile Island crisis, Metropolitan Edison, the Pennsylvania plant's operators, did not know that a similar valve failure had recently occurred at another nuclear reactor near Toledo. Therefore, they did not exchange technical know-how with the Ohio utility until it was too late.
The system is geared to both daily corporate operations and crisis management. Notepad users communicate through a variety of standard computer terminal keyboards, screens, and printers. Messages are sent via telephone couplers to an Infomedia computer in California, where they are coded, redirected, and stored, according to request.