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Second Earth: Method and System for Modeling Evolution of Spatiotemporal Gradients Affecting the Whole Earth via Second Law of Thermodynamics

IP.com Disclosure Number: IPCOM000199578D
Publication Date: 2010-Sep-09
Document File: 2 page(s) / 28K

Publishing Venue

The IP.com Prior Art Database

Abstract

Earth is a physical system that is awash in spatiotemporal gradients. We envision a three-dimensional model, Second Earth, representing single computational platform for simultaneously integrating all the spatiotemporal gradients.

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Second Earth: Method and System for Modeling Evolution of Spatiotemporal Gradients Affecting the Whole Earth via Second Law of Thermodynamics

The simplest form the second law of thermodynamics is that nature abhors gradient. The process of gradient degradation leads to self-organized complex structures that are optimal for degrading gradients. Earth is a physical system that is awash in spatiotemporal gradients. It rotates around its axis and around the sun providing a temporal aspect of the gradients. It is subject to gravitational gradient from the sun, the moon, the planets, and, of course, its own weight. It sits in a temperature gradient between the hot sun (5800 K) and the cold universe (2.7 K, Hawking temperature). Its average temperature is 280K, and can be thought of as converting hot sun photons into low quality, degraded, cold photons that it radiates. Spherical shape implies that equators are warmer than the polar regions. It has a physical form consisting of ocean and land, and land further divided into forests, deserts, and cities. It has an atmosphere that represents a pressure gradient, and it has a inner core that represents a temperature gradient. It has a given distribution of mass across its surface. It has physical elements like oxygen and carbon-dioxide that also have gradients. Comprehending the whole earth system requires a broad understanding of how the atmosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and cryosphere interact.

We envision a three-dimensional model, Second Earth, representing single computational platform for simultaneously integrating all the spatiotemporal gradients. We envision a dynamic evolution according to the second law of thermodynamics to estimate, to predict, and to understand how complex structures such as tornados, hurricanes, cyclones, floods, rain, wind pattern, ozone production, cloud movement, ocean currents, earthquakes, volcanoes arise as the various spatiotemporal gradients are simultaneously degraded. We envision integrating every single physical gradient that affects earth, how these gradients power different glows of matter and energy, and to study how intelligence of the planet ensues as a result.

The simulation will show how physical processes delay the instantaneous dissipation of energy and give rise to energy and material storage, cycling, and structure throughout earth. The simulation will uncover the plethora of dissipative autocatalytic structures that pervade the planet.

There are three ingredients to make the vision a reality: (a) data; (b) theory; and (c) simulation. The rich data is available from weather services, meteorology, satellites, geology, atmosphere science, astronomy. The data can be streamed in real-time to the simula...