Browse Prior Art Database

Method of Changing Language Tense based on Time

IP.com Disclosure Number: IPCOM000218141D
Publication Date: 2012-May-23
Document File: 2 page(s) / 34K

Publishing Venue

The IP.com Prior Art Database

Abstract

Discussed is a way to automatically change the tense of language from future, to present, to past based on the date and time that an event occurs relative to the present time.

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This is the abbreviated version, containing approximately 52% of the total text.

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Method of Changing Language Tense based on Time

News articles are often written for events that will happen in the future, such as astronomical events, political events, scheduled sports games, etc. These articles quickly "expire" when the event passes, thus changing the correct tense of the event from future tense to past tense. As a result, news outlets remove the article from focus or manually update the article's wording to indicate past tense if they want to add follow-up information.

For example, CNN*.com has a story about an asteroid that will be visible in the night sky tonight at 2:00 AM. After observing the asteroid, the user would like to re-access the article the next day. When the user accesses the archived article via direct link, the entire article is still in future tense, which is no longer correct since the event occurred last night. The incorrect tense has also prompted the article to be archived, limiting its discoverability and value.

PRIOR ART - search terms: automatically change tense context current time
Facebook**, Gmail*** and others replace recognized dates with Yesterday, Today, or Tomorrow if

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appropriate.

Apple Mail**** automatically calculates date and time of an event relative to when an email was

received for scheduling a calendar event.

Text analysis, transliteration, and translation method and apparatus for hieroglyphic, hieractic, and

demotic texts from ancient egyption:
Natural language processing method for converting a first natural language into a second natural

   language using data structures:
Disclosed is a method of automatically changing tense of language from future, to present, to past based on the date and time that the event occurs relative to the present moment.

In the preferred embodiment, a news outlet posts an article about an upcoming event, like an asteroid that will be visible from earth tonight at 2:00 AM. The user bookmarks the article because he is interested in the event. The next morning, the user accesses the article. The article tense has been translated from future tense to past tense, because the event is now in the past.

OUTLINE
Article is written about an upcoming event.

Date and time of the event is determined by analyzing the text for a date and time, or by calculating the date and time relative to when the article was published.
If the article says the event will happen on 3/14/2012, then that is the target date and time.

relative to date received.

When the article is accessed, the system compares the event's target date and time to the present

If the article says the event will happen "Tomorrow" and the article's published date is 3/13/2012, then the event date and time is 3/14/2012.

This is enabled by prior art, such as Apple's Mail client**** which suggests calendar events

date and time.

If the current date and time is less than the target date and time, the article tense needs to be future.

If the current date and ti...