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SAS 9.1 National Language Support (NLS) User’s Guide

IP.com Disclosure Number: IPCOM000243339D
Original Publication Date: 2004-Jan-31
Included in the Prior Art Database: 2015-Sep-19
Document File: 448 page(s) / 2M

Publishing Venue

SAS Institute Inc.

This text was extracted from a PDF file.
This is the abbreviated version, containing approximately 4% of the total text.

Page 01 of 448

SAS® 9.1

National Language Support (NLS)

User's Guide



Page 02 of 448

The correct bibliographic citation for this manual is as follows: SAS Institute Inc. 2004. SAS ® 9.1 National Language Support (NLS): User's Guide. Cary, NC: SAS Institute Inc.

SAS® 9.1 National Language Support (NLS): User's Guide

Copyright © 2004, SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA


ISBN 1-59047-194-6
All rights reserved. Produced in the United States of America. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher, SAS Institute Inc.

U.S. Government Restricted Rights Notice. Use, duplication, or disclosure of this software and related documentation by the U.S. government is subject to the Agreement with SAS Institute and the restrictions set forth in FAR 52.227-19 Commercial Computer Software-Restricted Rights (June 1987).

SAS Institute Inc., SAS Campus Drive, Cary, North Carolina 27513.
1st printing, January 2004
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Other brand and product names are registered trademarks or trademarks of their respective companies.


Page 03 of 448

P A R T 1 NLS Concepts 1 Chapter 1

      4 National Language Support (NLS) 3 Overview to National Language Support 3 Definition of Localization and Internationalization 4

Chapter 2

4 Locale for NLS 5


Overview of Locale Concepts for NLS 5
Specifying a Locale 6
Interaction between the LOCALE= and ENCODING= System Options 7

Chapter 3

4 Encoding for NLS 9


Overview of Encoding for NLS 9
Difference between Encoding and Transcoding 12

Character Sets for Encoding in NLS 12

Common Encoding Methods 12

Standards Organizations for NLS Encodings 14

Code Point Discrepancies among EBCDIC Encodings 15

Collation Sequence 16

Determining the Encoding of a SAS Session and a Data Set 16

Default SAS Session Encoding 18

Setting the Encoding of a SAS Session 18

Encoding Behavior in a SAS Session 19

Chapter 4

4 Transcoding for NLS 21

Overview to Transcoding 21

Common Reasons for Transcoding 21

Transcoding and Translation Tables 22

SAS Options That Transcode SAS Data 23

Transcoding between Operating Environments 23

Transcoding Considerations 24

Compatible and Incompatible Encodings 25

Preventing Transcoding 26

Chapter 5

      4 Double-Byte Character Sets (DBCS) 29 Overview to Double-Byte Character Sets (DBCS) 29

East Asian Languages 29

Specifying DBCS 30

Requirements for Displaying DBCS Character Sets 30

Contents

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