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Method to Minimize Vehicle Collision in Unavoidable Circumstances

IP.com Disclosure Number: IPCOM000245512D
Publication Date: 2016-Mar-13
Document File: 3 page(s) / 131K

Publishing Venue

The IP.com Prior Art Database

Abstract

Disclosed is a method and system to minimize damage from an unavoidable vehicle collision using the capabilities of smart cars.

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This is the abbreviated version, containing approximately 45% of the total text.

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Method to Minimize Vehicle Collision in Unavoidable Circumstances

Current collision detection and avoidance techniques fail to consider that some collisions are unavoidable. In addition, existing systems do not include techniques to reduce damage to passengers and structures by intelligently managing the collision in a more proactive fashion.

The novel contribution is a method and system to minimize damage from an unavoidable vehicle collision. The solution comprises the following new aspects to proactively protect people and property:

• The coordination of multiple smart vehicles for collision avoidance and damage reduction whereby one vehicle of many is elected coordinator and controller
• The implementation of a cost-based decision algorithm for determining the least costly collision scenario in terms of life, limb, and vehicle repair costs


• Dynamic alteration of behaviors in response to regulatory requirements at a given location

For example, vehicles E and W are traveling in opposite directions on a two-lane highway. Suddenly, a deer bounds into the front passenger side bumper of car E. Car E is forced into the opposite lane, directly into the path of car W. Both cars are too close to avoid a collision.

If provided with adequate computational resources, information about the structural and operational aspects of the car, additional traffic conditions, locations of passengers

within the car, and repair costs for certain types of damage, two smart cars can automatically coordinate positions to minimize damages to life, limb, and vehicle. As an

extreme example, suppose only drivers occupied each vehicle. A controlled spin could

be established so that the passenger sides collide, avoiding highly dangerous T-bone

collisions or front-end collisions.

As another example, vehicles E and W are traveling East and West toward an intersection. Car N is traveling North. For whatever reason car N cannot stop at the intersection. Without smart technology, a collision will occur and would likely be a disastrous T-bone. However, with smart collision technology, car N accelerates, car W steers right and slows, car E steers straight and slows. Car E completely misses car N, car W grazes the right rear bumper of car N as it just passes. The grazing of the car in this scenario is the minimization of damage in an unavoidable collision.

The method and system work as follows:

1. The system is pre-populated with static data that prioritizes areas of the automobile according to cost of repair, vulnerability, protective capability, and other factors. For purposes of definition, a higher priority area is one that the system strives to protect at the expense of lower priority areas.

2. The system dynamically adjusts the final priorities in deference to occupancy and the protection of life and limb. For example, if the automobile has an occupant in the driver seat but none in the passenger seat directly behind the driver, then priority goes to the d...