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Smart Physical Therapy Expert System and Dynamic Feedback Interface

IP.com Disclosure Number: IPCOM000246036D
Publication Date: 2016-Apr-27
Document File: 3 page(s) / 49K

Publishing Venue

The IP.com Prior Art Database

Abstract

Disclosed is an expert system for independent physical therapy with real-time feedback, continuous logging, and a behind-the-scenes decision-making capability. The smart physical therapy expert system is comprised of biometric sensors, an expert analytical system, and Internet of Things (IoT) connected equipment.

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Smart Physical Therapy Expert System and Dynamic Feedback Interface

Physical therapy (PT) is necessary for a variety of reasons such as rehabilitation from an injury, improving strength and mobility for a patient with a physical disability, or helping a geriatric patient with independent living abilities. Therapy exercises/movements have two modalities: strengthening/dexterity/development and benchmarking progress. It requires expert guidance from a highly skilled individual. Physical therapy is generally performed on an outpatient basis; therefore, the therapist's ability to regularly intervene or check on technique and progression is severely limited. The therapist can make only sporadic changes to a patient's program. The gauges on performance are poorly measured by "task competence/completion" and progression is difficult to track.

Physical therapy is difficult to drive to successful completion, unlike "chemical" medicine. Successful results require the patient's extreme discipline, continued perseverance, and willpower through times of pain and discouragement. Often the goal is to stabilize, rather than improve the patient's state. Recovery rates are limited by the skill/intuition of the physical therapist and the amount of individual attention that therapist can give a patient. Physical therapy costs are high and the amount of one-on-one time correlates to outcome (directly tied to cost); most insurance plans do not cover enough of PT cost to return the patient to full health, so individuals are left to attempt to continue physical therapy alone.

A patient's movement and dietary habits may not be conducive to recovery and might even cause regression. In addition, expectation management and morale is a significant problem for a patient without the proper support.

A method or system is needed to support individuals through physical therapy when professional help is not immediately available.

The novel solution is an expert system for independent physical therapy with real-time feedback, continuous logging, and a behind-the-scenes decision-making capability. The system can study every single movement in a session, providing more consistent monitoring than a bi-weekly session with a physical therapist. A modulate therapy regimen is based on measured patient capability and other medical factors (e.g., heart rate no to exceed 150). The system provides exact progression tracking as well as a safety feature to prevent the user from causing further injury through bad technique or overloading in the recovery process. In addition, the system can metric/measure levels of dexterity/independence based on exerci...