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The scrypt Password-Based Key Derivation Function (RFC7914)

IP.com Disclosure Number: IPCOM000247251D
Original Publication Date: 2016-Aug-01
Included in the Prior Art Database: 2016-Aug-18
Document File: 32 page(s) / 29K

Publishing Venue

Internet Society Requests For Comment (RFCs)

Related People

C. Percival: AUTHOR [+2]

Abstract

Password-based key derivation functions are used in cryptography and security protocols for deriving one or more secret keys from a secret value. Over the years, several password-based key derivation functions have been used, including the original DES-based UNIX Crypt-function, FreeBSD MD5 crypt, Public-Key Cryptography Standards#5 (PKCS#5) PBKDF2 [RFC2898] (typically used with SHA-1), GNU SHA-256/512 crypt [SHA2CRYPT], Windows NT LAN Manager (NTLM) [NTLM] hash, and the Blowfish-based bcrypt [BCRYPT]. These algorithms are all based on a cryptographic primitive combined with salting and/or iteration. The iteration count is used to slow down the computation, and the salt is used to make pre-computation costlier.

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This is the abbreviated version, containing approximately 9% of the total text.

Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)                       C. Percival Request for Comments: 7914                                       Tarsnap Category: Informational                                     S. Josefsson ISSN: 2070-1721                                                   SJD AB                                                              August 2016

            The scrypt Password-Based Key Derivation Function

Abstract

   This document specifies the password-based key derivation function    scrypt.  The function derives one or more secret keys from a secret    string.  It is based on memory-hard functions, which offer added    protection against attacks using custom hardware.  The document also    provides an ASN.1 schema.

Status of This Memo

   This document is not an Internet Standards Track specification; it is    published for informational purposes.

   This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force    (IETF).  It represents the consensus of the IETF community.  It has    received public review and has been approved for publication by the    Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG).  Not all documents    approved by the IESG are a candidate for any level of Internet    Standard; see Section 2 of RFC 7841.

   Information about the current status of this document, any errata,    and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at    http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7914.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2016 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the    document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal    Provisions Relating to IETF Documents    (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of    publication of this document.  Please review these documents    carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect    to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must    include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of    the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as    described in the Simplified BSD License.

 Percival & Josefsson          Informational                     [Page 1]
 RFC 7914                      scrypt PBKDF                   August 2016

 Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2

   2.  scrypt Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3

   3.  The Salsa20/8 Core Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4

   4.  The scryptBlockMix Algorithm  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5

   5.  The scrypt...