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Cognitive IoT Gateway Simulating Homeowner Presence

IP.com Disclosure Number: IPCOM000248519D
Publication Date: 2016-Dec-12
Document File: 4 page(s) / 465K

Publishing Venue

The IP.com Prior Art Database

Abstract

Disclosed is a cognitive Internet of Things (IoT) gateway system that simulates “at home” activities to give the impression that a user is at home, thus deterring instances of break-ins, vandalism, etc. The gateway uses a cognitive analytical service to learn the patterns of information reported by the associated connected IoT devices, and then simulates that information when a home or building is actually unoccupied.

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Cognitive IoT Gateway Simulating Homeowner Presence

When absent from a place for an extended period, homeowners often simulate presence by automatically turning on lights, music, television, etc.

A more effective method might be to use sensors that report usage patterns to cloud servers, where a change in reported data may reveal unattended/unprotected properties.

An Internet of Things (IoT) gateway (a fog computing ) device is capable of communicating with all of the IoT devices at a given location and the cloud server. This device may have policies or filters that de-personalize or restrict certain kinds of information from being transmitted to the cloud; however, some information may need to be shared in order for the IoT devices to provide any benefit. In addition, de-personalization could be compromised, making it possible for a third party to identify the location of the reporting IoT devices. This puts home security at risk because said third party can deduce that a home or building is unoccupied as certain times.

The novel solution proposes that the gateway use a cognitive analytical service to learn the patterns of information reported by the associated connected IoT devices, and then simulate that information when a home or building is actually unoccupied. The continuous transmission of data at normal intervals by the gateway maintains the appearance of active and occupied premises. With this system, if a third party is watching a home for a pattern of behavior that indicates a user is at home, this system simulates “at home” activities to give the impression that a user is at home, thus deterring instances of break-ins, vandalism, etc.

The user sets the gateway to an away mode. In this mode, the gateway does not transmit the actual data generated by a collection of IoT devices that may reveal that premises is unoccupied, but manufactures data consistent with the usage patterns of the premises when it is occupied. The cognitive service receives but ignores this data when the gateway is in away mode. For example, if a smart refrigerator orders milk while the gateway is set to away mode, then an observing third party can see that the IoT device ordered milk and assume that a homeowner is present, but in actuality, the IoT device does not transmit an order for milk.

Various disclosures and patents have described simulating traffic to and from a premise to simulate presence. The proposed solution specifically includes control and communication by the IoT gateway to the various IoT devices at the location. The resulting effect is that the system simulates presence not only to a networked observer, but also to a local observer who may see lights in various rooms being turned on or off, hear music, see the television on, or notice other signs of occupancy. The learning of patterns normally observed and learned by the cognitive service when an actual occupant is present is a key part of this activity.

For example, if a homeowner typically...