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Method for Cultural Interpretation of Analogies and Epitomes containing Proper Nouns

IP.com Disclosure Number: IPCOM000248922D
Publication Date: 2017-Jan-22
Document File: 2 page(s) / 99K

Publishing Venue

The IP.com Prior Art Database

Abstract

Disclosed is a system that interprets an analogy or epitome containing a proper noun and automatically constructs an equivalent expression using terms that are familiar to a target culture. A user from a different culture (i.e., different from the culture in which the expression originated) can therefore understand an expression that would have otherwise been obscure to the user.

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Method for Cultural Interpretation of Analogies and Epitomes containing Proper Nouns

A person does not always understand an analogy or epitome as it is presented. This could happen during a conversation, when reading a book, when watching a movie, etc. Many expressions make assumptions about the user's understanding of popular culture and the proper nouns associated with said culture. For example, an expression such as, "That kid was the Babe Ruth of the soccer league this year!" might not make sense to a person who knows nothing about baseball (i.e., Babe Ruth), is not from the United States, or is relatively young. Current art lacks the ability to automatically relate an analogy or epitome containing proper nouns to a culture other than its origin culture, so that the person consuming the information can fully understand the expression.

The novel system interprets an analogy or epitome containing a proper noun and automatically constructs an equivalent expression using terms that are familiar to a target culture. A user from a different culture (i.e., different from the culture in which the expression originated) can therefore understand an expression that would have otherwise been obscure to the user.

The system automatically performs Interpretation and replacement, so the user is not taken out of the current context (e.g., if the user is reading an e-book, the replacement appears as a normal part of the text, as opposed to forcing the user to look up the meaning of the original expression or could provide a alternative view such as float over text or a footnote to give a cultural translation). This system adds value beyond existing solutions, which are primarily focused on metaphor and analogy detection in general.

In the preferred embodiment, a user is presented with information in written or audio form, such as text from an e-book or dialog from a movie. As the user is consuming this information, the content contains an analogy or epitome containing a proper noun that the user does not understand. Ignoring the obscure expression might cause the users to miss an important or entertaining part of the story. Stopping to look up the meaning of the obscure expression takes the user out of the current context, which also interrupts the user’s immersion and satisfaction in the content. The novel system can identify any original analogies or epitomes that do not match the user’s target culture and replace those terms before the user encounters such terms. Therefore, the user is left to enjoy all aspects of the story without interruption.

To implement the solution in a preferred embodiment, the system: 1. Uses existing Natural Language Processing (NLP) Techniques to determine if an

expression is an analogy or epitome 2. Uses XSG to parse the expression and identify its various parts of speech. It

recognizes proper nouns in the expression using existing annotators. 3. Identifies the original context/culture by matching the identified proper nou...