UDP Usage Guidelines (RFC8085)
Original Publication Date: 2017-Mar-01
Included in the Prior Art Database: 2017-Mar-08
Internet Society Requests For Comment (RFCs)
L. Eggert: AUTHOR [+3]
The User Datagram Protocol (UDP) [RFC768] provides a minimal, unreliable, best-effort, message-passing transport to applications and other protocols (such as tunnels) that wish to operate over IP. Both are simply called "applications" in the remainder of this document.
Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) L. Eggert Request for Comments: 8085 NetApp BCP: 145 G. Fairhurst Obsoletes: 5405 University of Aberdeen Category: Best Current Practice G. Shepherd ISSN: 2070-1721 Cisco Systems March 2017
UDP Usage Guidelines
The User Datagram Protocol (UDP) provides a minimal message-passing transport that has no inherent congestion control mechanisms. This document provides guidelines on the use of UDP for the designers of applications, tunnels, and other protocols that use UDP. Congestion control guidelines are a primary focus, but the document also provides guidance on other topics, including message sizes, reliability, checksums, middlebox traversal, the use of Explicit Congestion Notification (ECN), Differentiated Services Code Points (DSCPs), and ports.
Because congestion control is critical to the stable operation of the Internet, applications and other protocols that choose to use UDP as an Internet transport must employ mechanisms to prevent congestion collapse and to establish some degree of fairness with concurrent traffic. They may also need to implement additional mechanisms, depending on how they use UDP.
Some guidance is also applicable to the design of other protocols (e.g., protocols layered directly on IP or via IP-based tunnels), especially when these protocols do not themselves provide congestion control.
This document obsoletes RFC 5405 and adds guidelines for multicast UDP usage.
Eggert, et al. Best Current Practice [Page 1]
RFC 8085 UDP Usage Guidelines March 2017
Status of This Memo
This memo documents an Internet Best Current Practice.
This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). It represents the consensus of the IETF community. It has received public review and has been approved for publication by the Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG). Further information on BCPs is available in Section 2 of RFC 7841.
Information about the current status of this document, any errata, and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at http://www.rfc-edi...