A Glossary of Networking Terms (RFC1208)
Original Publication Date: 1991-Mar-01
Included in the Prior Art Database: 2019-Feb-11
Internet Society Requests For Comment (RFCs)
O.J. Jacobsen: AUTHOR [+1]
This RFC is a glossary adapted from "The INTEROP Pocket Glossary of Networking Terms" distributed at Interop '90. This memo provides information for the Internet community. It does not specify an Internet standard.
Network Working Group O. Jacobsen Request for Comments: 1208 D. Lynch Interop, Inc. March 1991
A Glossary of Networking Terms
Status of this Memo
This RFC is a glossary adapted from "The INTEROP Pocket Glossary of Networking Terms" distributed at Interop ’90. This memo provides information for the Internet community. It does not specify an Internet standard. Distribution of this memo is unlimited.
This glossary is adapted from "The INTEROP Pocket Glossary of Networking Terms" produced to help you understand the many terms--and in particular the myriad of acronyms--that can be encountered at the INTEROP Tutorials, Conference, and Exhibition.
To keep this document reasonably small we have deliberately omitted common computer and communications terms such as disk, modem, byte, and VLSI. In addition, the definitions have been kept brief. We recommend that you consult the glossaries found in the major computer networking textbooks for more comprehensive definitions.
We also realize that producing this glossary is akin to shooting at a moving target. The computer and communications industries are moving very rapidly, and terms and acronyms are born every day. You are invited to submit words which you think should be included in future editions.
abstract syntax: A description of a data structure that is independent of machine-oriented structures and encodings.
ACSE: Association Control Service Element. The method used in OSI for establishing a call between two applications. Checks the identities and contexts of the application entities, and could apply an authentication security check.
address mask: A bit mask used to select bits from an Internet address for subnet addressing. The mask is 32 bits long and selects the network portion of the Internet address and one or more bits of the local portion. Sometimes called subnet mask.
Jacobsen & Lynch [Page 1]
RFC 1208 INTEROP Pocket Glossary March 1991
address resolution: A means for mapping Network Layer addresses onto media-specific addresses. See ARP.
ADMD: Administration Management Domain. An X.400 Message Handling System public service carrier. Examples: MCImail and ATTmail in the U.S., British Telecom Gold400mail in the U.K. The ADMDs in all countries worldwide together provide the X.400 backbone. See PRMD.
agent: In the client-server model, the part of the system that performs information preparation and exchange on behalf of a client or server application. See NMS, DUA, MTA.
ANSI: American National Standards Institute. The U.S. standardization body. ANSI is a member of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
AOW: Asia and Oceania Workshop. One of the three regional OSI Implementors Workshops, equivalent to OIW and EWOS.
API: Application Program Interface. A set of calling conventions defining how a service is invoked through a software package.
Application Layer: The top-most layer in the OSI Reference Model providing such communication services as electronic...