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Extending TCP for Transactions -- Concepts (RFC1379)

IP.com Disclosure Number: IPCOM000002203D
Original Publication Date: 1992-Nov-01
Included in the Prior Art Database: 2019-Feb-11
Document File: 38 page(s) / 54K

Publishing Venue

Internet Society Requests For Comment (RFCs)

Related People

R. Braden: AUTHOR

Related Documents

10.17487/RFC1379: DOI

Abstract

This memo discusses extension of TCP to provide transaction-oriented service, without altering its virtual-circuit operation. This memo provides information for the Internet community. It does not specify an Internet standard.

This text was extracted from a PDF file.
This is the abbreviated version, containing approximately 5% of the total text.

Network Working Group R. Braden Request for Comments: 1379 ISI November 1992

Extending TCP for Transactions -- Concepts

Status of This Memo

This memo provides information for the Internet community. It does not specify an Internet standard. Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

Abstract

This memo discusses extension of TCP to provide transaction-oriented service, without altering its virtual-circuit operation. This extension would fill the large gap between connection-oriented TCP and datagram-based UDP, allowing TCP to efficiently perform many applications for which UDP is currently used. A separate memo contains a detailed functional specification for this proposed extension.

This work was supported in part by the National Science Foundation under Grant Number NCR-8922231.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. INTRODUCTION .................................................. 2 2. TRANSACTIONS USING STANDARD TCP ............................... 3 3. BYPASSING THE 3-WAY HANDSHAKE ................................. 6 3.1 Concept of TAO ........................................... 6 3.2 Cache Initialization ..................................... 10 3.3 Accepting <SYN,ACK> Segments ............................. 11 4. SHORTENING TIME-WAIT STATE .................................... 13 5. CHOOSING A MONOTONIC SEQUENCE ................................. 15 5.1 Cached Timestamps ........................................ 16 5.2 Current TCP Sequence Numbers ............................. 18 5.3 64-bit Sequence Numbers .................................. 20 5.4 Connection Counts ........................................ 20 5.5 Conclusions .............................................. 21 6. CONNECTION STATES ............................................. 24 7. CONCLUSIONS AND ACKNOWLEDGMENTS ............................... 32 APPENDIX A: TIME-WAIT STATE AND THE 2-PACKET EXCHANGE ............ 34 REFERENCES ....................................................... 37 Security Considerations .......................................... 38 Author’s Address ................................................. 38

Braden [Page 1]

RFC 1379 Transaction TCP -- Concepts November 1992

1. INTRODUCTION

The TCP protocol [STD-007] implements a virtual-circuit transport service that provides reliable and ordered data delivery over a full-duplex connection. Under the virtual circuit model, the life of a connection is divided into three distinct phases: (1) opening the connection to create a full-duplex byte stream; (2) transferring data in one or both directions over this stream; and (3) closing the connection. Remote login and file transfer are examples of applications that are well suited to virtual-circuit service.

Distributed applications, which are becoming increasingly numerous and sophisticated in the Internet, tend to use a transaction-oriented rather than a virtual circuit style of communication. Currently, a transaction-oriented Internet application must choose to suffer the overhead of opening...

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