Browse Prior Art Database

The Application/MARC Content-type (RFC2220)

IP.com Disclosure Number: IPCOM000002778D
Original Publication Date: 1997-Oct-01
Included in the Prior Art Database: 2019-Feb-15
Document File: 4 page(s) / 5K

Publishing Venue

Internet Society Requests For Comment (RFCs)

Related People

R. Guenther: AUTHOR

Related Documents

10.17487/RFC2220: DOI

Abstract

This memorandum provides a mechanism for representing objects which are files of Machine-Readable Cataloging records (MARC). The MARC formats are standards for the representation and communication of bibliographic and related information. A MARC record contains metadata for an information resource following MARC format specifications. This memo provides information for the Internet community. It does not specify an Internet standard of any kind.

This text was extracted from a PDF file.
This is the abbreviated version, containing approximately 49% of the total text.

Network Working Group R. Guenther Request for Comments: 2220 Library of Congress Category: Informational Network Devt. & MARC Standards Office October 1997

The Application/MARC Content-type

Status of this Memo

This memo provides information for the Internet community. It does not specify an Internet standard of any kind. Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

Copyright Notice

Copyright (C) The Internet Society (1997). All Rights Reserved.

Abstract

This memorandum provides a mechanism for representing objects which are files of Machine-Readable Cataloging records (MARC). The MARC formats are standards for the representation and communication of bibliographic and related information. A MARC record contains metadata for an information resource following MARC format specifications.

1. Introduction

The MARC formats are sets of codes and content designators defined for encoding metadata for five types of data: bibliographic, holdings, authority, classification, and community information. The structure of MARC records is an implementation of national and international standards, ANSI Z39.2 (Information Interchange Format) and ISO 2709 (Format for Information Interchange). Codes and conventions in the formats identify and characterize data elements within a record and support the manipulation of those data.

MARC formats are communication formats, primarily designed to provide specification for the exchange of bibliographic and related information between systems. They are widely used in a variety of exchange and processing environments. They do not mandate internal storage or display formats to be used by different systems.

Guenther Informational [Page 1]

RFC 2220 Application/MARC Content-type October 1997

2. Definition

Since there are different flavors of MARC which would be processed by different applications, this content-type/subtype refers to the harmonized USMARC/CANMARC specification. Additional content- types/subtypes may be defined in the future (e.g. application/unimarc).

MARC records involve three elements: the record structure, content designation, and data content. Only those records that contain all three elements according to the standard would use this content- type/subtype, i.e. content extracted from the structure would not. Since MARC does not mandate an internal storage format, parameters have not been assigned to specific implementations (e.g. OCLC-MARC, LC-MARC, etc.). In addition, parameters have not been defined for the specific type of MARC format (e.g. bibliographic, authority, holdings), since the information is contained in the Leader portion of the record.

3. Registration Information

To: ietf-types@iana.org

Media type name: application

Media subtype name: marc

Required parameters: None

Optional parameters: None

Encoding considerations: MARC records may contain long lines and/or arbitrary octet values. The base64 content-transfer-encoding is recommended for transmission of MARC over electronic mail.

4. Security Considerat...

Processing...
Loading...