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SIP: Session Initiation Protocol (RFC2543)

IP.com Disclosure Number: IPCOM000003129D
Original Publication Date: 1999-Mar-01
Included in the Prior Art Database: 2019-Feb-11

Publishing Venue

Internet Society Requests For Comment (RFCs)

Related People

M. Handley: AUTHOR [+3]

Related Documents

10.17487/RFC2543: DOI

Abstract

The Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) is an application-layer control (signaling) protocol for creating, modifying and terminating sessions with one or more participants. [STANDARDS-TRACK]

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This is the abbreviated version, containing approximately 1% of the total text.

Network Working Group M. Handley Request for Comments: 2543 ACIRI Category: Standards Track H. Schulzrinne Columbia U. E. Schooler Cal Tech J. Rosenberg Bell Labs March 1999

SIP: Session Initiation Protocol

Status of this Memo

This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for improvements. Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet Official Protocol Standards" (STD 1) for the standardization state and status of this protocol. Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

Copyright Notice

Copyright (C) The Internet Society (1999). All Rights Reserved.

IESG Note

The IESG intends to charter, in the near future, one or more working groups to produce standards for "name lookup", where such names would include electronic mail addresses and telephone numbers, and the result of such a lookup would be a list of attributes and characteristics of the user or terminal associated with the name. Groups which are in need of a "name lookup" protocol should follow the development of these new working groups rather than using SIP for this function. In addition it is anticipated that SIP will migrate towards using such protocols, and SIP implementors are advised to monitor these efforts.

Abstract

The Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) is an application-layer control (signaling) protocol for creating, modifying and terminating sessions with one or more participants. These sessions include Internet multimedia conferences, Internet telephone calls and multimedia distribution. Members in a session can communicate via multicast or via a mesh of unicast relations, or a combination of these.

Handley, et al. Standards Track [Page 1]

RFC 2543 SIP: Session Initiation Protocol March 1999

SIP invitations used to create sessions carry session descriptions which allow participants to agree on a set of compatible media types. SIP supports user mobility by proxying and redirecting requests to the user’s current location. Users can register their current location. SIP is not tied to any particular conference control protocol. SIP is designed to be independent of the lower-layer transport protocol and can be extended with additional capabilities.

Table of Contents

1 Introduction ........................................ 7 1.1 Overview of SIP Functionality ....................... 7 1.2 Terminology ......................................... 8 1.3 Definitions ......................................... 9 1.4 Overview of SIP Operation ........................... 12 1.4.1 SIP Addressing ...................................... 12 1.4.2 Locating a SIP Server ............................... 13 1.4.3 SIP Transaction ..................................... 14 1.4.4 SIP Invitation ...................................... 15 1.4.5 Locating a User ..................................... 17 1.4.6 Changing an Existing Session ........................ 18 1.4.7 Registration Services ............................... 18 1.5...

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