Virtual Private Networks Identifier (RFC2685)
Original Publication Date: 1999-Sep-01
Included in the Prior Art Database: 2019-Feb-11
Internet Society Requests For Comment (RFCs)
B. Fox: AUTHOR [+1]
This document proposes a format for a globally unique VPN identifier. [STANDARDS-TRACK]
Network Working Group B. Fox Request for Comments: 2685 Lucent Technologies Category: Standards Track B. Gleeson Nortel Networks September 1999
Virtual Private Networks Identifier
Status of this Memo
This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for improvements. Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet Official Protocol Standards" (STD 1) for the standardization state and status of this protocol. Distribution of this memo is unlimited.
Copyright (C) The Internet Society (1999). All Rights Reserved.
Virtual Private IP networks may span multiple Autonomous Systems or Service Providers. There is a requirement for the use of a globally unique VPN identifier in order to be able to refer to a particular VPN (see section 6.1.1 of ). This document proposes a format for a globally unique VPN identifier.
As the Public Internet expands and extends its infrastructure globally, the determination to exploit this infrastructure has led to widespread interest in IP based Virtual Private Networks. A VPN emulates a private IP network over public or shared infrastructures. Virtual Private Networks provide advantages to both the Service Provider and its customers. For its customers, a VPN can extend the IP capabilities of a corporate site to remote offices and/or users with intranet, extranet, and dialup services. This connectivity should be achieved at a lower cost to the customer with savings in capital equipment, operations, and services. The Service Provider is able to make better use of its infrastructure and network administration expertise offering IP VPN connectivity and/or services to its customers.
There are many ways in which IP VPN services may be implemented. The IP based VPN framework document  identifies four types of VPN to be supported: Virtual Leased Lines, Virtual Private Routed Networks,
Fox & Gleeson Standards Track [Page 1]
RFC 2685 Virtual Private Networks Identifier September 1999
Virtual Private Dial Networks, and Virtual Private LAN Segments. In addition, numerous drafts and white papers outline methods to be used by Service Providers and/or Service Provider customers to enable this service. Solutions may be customer based or network based. Network based solutions may provide connectivity and services at layer 2 and/or layer 3. The devices involved in enabling the solution may be Customer Premises Equipment (CPE), Service Provider Edge equipment, Service Provider Core equipment, or some combination of these.
While the various methods of VPN service implementation are being discussed and debated, there are two points on which there is agreement:
Because a VPN is private, it may use a private address space which may overlap with the address space of another VPN or the Public Internet.
A VPN may span multiple IP Autonomous Systems (AS) or Service Providers.
The first point indicates that an IP addr...