Root Name Server Operational Requirements (RFC2870)
Original Publication Date: 2000-Jun-01
Included in the Prior Art Database: 2019-Feb-13
Internet Society Requests For Comment (RFCs)
R. Bush: AUTHOR [+3]
The primary focus of this document is to provide guidelines for operation of the root name servers. This document specifies an Internet Best Current Practices for the Internet Community, and requests discussion and suggestions for improvements.
Network Working Group R. Bush Request for Comments: 2870 Verio Obsoletes: 2010 D. Karrenberg BCP: 40 RIPE NCC Category: Best Current Practice M. Kosters Network Solutions R. Plzak SAIC June 2000
Root Name Server Operational Requirements
Status of this Memo
This document specifies an Internet Best Current Practices for the Internet Community, and requests discussion and suggestions for improvements. Distribution of this memo is unlimited.
Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2000). All Rights Reserved.
As the internet becomes increasingly critical to the world’s social and economic infrastructure, attention has rightly focused on the correct, safe, reliable, and secure operation of the internet infrastructure itself. The root domain name servers are seen as a crucial part of that technical infrastructure. The primary focus of this document is to provide guidelines for operation of the root name servers. Other major zone server operators (gTLDs, ccTLDs, major zones) may also find it useful. These guidelines are intended to meet the perceived societal needs without overly prescribing technical details.
The resolution of domain names on the internet is critically dependent on the proper, safe, and secure operation of the root domain name servers. Currently, these dozen or so servers are provided and operated by a very competent and trusted group of volunteers. This document does not propose to change that, but merely to provide formal guidelines so that the community understands how and why this is done.
Bush, et al. Best Current Practice [Page 1]
RFC 2870 Root Name Server Operational Requirements June 2000
1.1 The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) has become responsible for the operation of the root servers. The ICANN has appointed a Root Server System Advisory Committee (RSSAC) to give technical and operational advice to the ICANN board. The ICANN and the RSSAC look to the IETF to provide engineering standards.
1.2 The root servers serve the root, aka ".", zone. Although today some of the root servers also serve some TLDs (top level domains) such as gTLDs (COM, NET, ORG, etc.), infrastructural TLDs such as INT and IN-ADDR.ARPA, and some ccTLDs (country code TLDs, e.g. SE for Sweden), this is likely to change (see 2.5).
1.3 The root servers are neither involved with nor dependent upon the ’whois’ data.
1.4 The domain name system has proven to be sufficiently robust that we are confident that the, presumably temporary, loss of most of the root servers should not significantly affect operation of the internet.
1.5 Experience has shown that the internet is quite vulnerable to incorrect data in the root zone or TLDs. Hence authentication, validation, and security of these data are of great concern.
2. The Servers Themselves
The following are requirements for the technical details of the root servers themselves:
2.1 It would be short-sighted of this document to specify particular hardwa...