A Format for Bibliographic Records (RFC1807)
Original Publication Date: 1995-Jun-01
Included in the Prior Art Database: 2019-Feb-12
Internet Society Requests For Comment (RFCs)
R. Lasher: AUTHOR [+1]
This RFC defines a format for bibliographic records describing technical reports. This memo provides information for the Internet community. This memo does not specify an Internet standard of any kind.
Network Working Group R. Lasher Request For Comments: 1807 Stanford Obsoletes: 1357 D. Cohen Category: Informational Myricom June 1995
A Format for Bibliographic Records
Status of this Memo
This memo provides information for the Internet community. This memo does not specify an Internet standard of any kind. Distribution of this memo is unlimited.
This RFC defines a format for bibliographic records describing technical reports. This format is used by the Cornell University Dienst protocol and the Stanford University SIFT system. The original RFC (RFC 1357) was written by D. Cohen, ISI, July 1992. This is a revision of RFC 1357. New fields include handle, other_access, keyword, and withdraw.
Many universities and other R&D organizations routinely announce new technical reports by mailing (via the postal services) the bibliographic records of these reports.
These mailings have non-trivial cost and delay. In addition, their recipients cannot conveniently file them, electronically, for later retrieval and searches.
Publishing organizations that wish to use e-mail or file transfer to obtain these announcements can do so by using the following format.
Organizations may automate to any degree (or not at all) both the creation of these records (about their own publications) and the handling of the records received from other organizations.
This format is designed to be simple, for people and for machines, to be easy to read ("human readable") and create without any special programs.
This RFC defines the format of bibliographic records, not how to process them.
Lasher & Cohen Informational [Page 1]
RFC 1807 A Format for Bibliographic Records June 1995
This format is a "tagged" format with self-explaining alphabetic tags. It should be possible to prepare and to read bibliographic records using any text editor, without any special programs.
This RFC includes the CR-CATEGORY, a field useful for Computer Science publications. It is expected that similar fields will be added for other domains.
This format, as described in RFC 1357, was implemented as part of the Dienst system and has been in use by the five ARPA-funded computer science institutions to exchange bibliographic records (Cornell, SU, UC, MIT, and CMU). Programs have been written to map between this RFC and structured USMARC (format developed at the Library of Congress) cataloging records, also from USMARC to the RFC.
The focus of this ARPA-funded research has been into many aspects of digital libraries including searching and accessing techniques that do not necessarily use bibliographic records (for example, natural language processing, automatic and full-text indexing). However, the continued use of bibliographic records is expected to remain an important part of the library system environment of the future and its use is an important link between the physical world of scientific works and the on-line world of digital objects. The format described in this paper allows a...