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Class A Subnet Experiment Results and Recommendations (RFC1879)

IP.com Disclosure Number: IPCOM000004135D
Original Publication Date: 1996-Jan-01
Included in the Prior Art Database: 2019-Feb-12
Document File: 6 page(s) / 8K

Publishing Venue

Internet Society Requests For Comment (RFCs)

Related People

B. Manning: AUTHOR

Related Documents

10.17487/RFC1879: DOI

Abstract

This memo documents some experiences with the RFC 1797 [1] subnet A experiment (performed by the Net39 Test Group (see credits)) and provides a number of recommendations on future direction for both the Internet Registries and the Operations community. This memo provides information for the Internet community. This memo does not specify an Internet standard of any kind.

This text was extracted from a PDF file.
This is the abbreviated version, containing approximately 34% of the total text.

Network Working Group B. Manning, Editor Request for Comments: 1879 ISI Category: Informational January 1996

Class A Subnet Experiment Results and Recommendations

Status of this Memo

This memo provides information for the Internet community. This memo does not specify an Internet standard of any kind. Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

Discussion/Purpose

This memo documents some experiences with the RFC 1797 [1] subnet A experiment (performed by the Net39 Test Group (see credits)) and provides a number of recommendations on future direction for both the Internet Registries and the Operations community.

Not all proposed experiments in RFC 1797 were done. Only the "case one" type delegations were made. Additional experimentation was done within the DNS service, by supporting a root nameserver and the primary for the domain from within the subnetted address space. In addition, testing was done on classless delegation [2].

Internet Services offered over the RFC 1797 experiment were:

Finger HTTP Telnet FTP server/client Gopher kerberos lpr (and its ilk) X DNS

F.Root-Servers.Net, a root name server had an interface defined as part of the RFC 1797 experiment. Attached is a report fragment on it’s performance: "My root server has processed 400,000,000 queries in the last 38 days, and well over half of them were to the temporary 39.13.229.241 address (note that I retained the old 192.5.5.241 address since I knew a lot of folks would not update their root.cache files and I didn’t want to create a black hole.)" - Paul Vixie

Manning Informational [Page 1]

RFC 1879 Class A Subnet Experiment January 1996

Initial predictions [3] seemed to indicate that the safest path for an ISP that participates in such a routing system is to have -all- of the ISP clients be either:

a) singly connected to one upstream ISP OR b) running a classless interior routing protocol

It is also noted that a network with default route may not notice it has potential routing problems until it starts using subnets of traditional A’s internally.

Problems & Solutions

Operations

There were initial problems in at least one RIPE181 [4] implementation. It is clear that operators need to register in the Internet Routing Registry (IRR) all active aggregates and delegations for any given prefix. Additionally, there need to be methods for determining who is authoritative for announcing any given prefix.

It is expected that problems identified within the confines of this experiment are applicable to some RFC 1597 prefixes or any "natural" class "A" space.

Use of traceroute (LSRR) was critical for network troubleshooting during this experiment. In current cisco IOS, coding the following statement will disable LSRR and therefore inhibit cross-provider troubleshooting:

no ip source-route

We recommend that this statement -NOT- be placed in active ISP cisco configurations.

In general, there are serious weaknesses in the Inter-Provider cooperation model and resolution of these problems is outside t...

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