Browse Prior Art Database

Automatic BIOS Recovery (ABR) with full image checking Disclosure Number: IPCOM000015405D
Original Publication Date: 2002-Jun-11
Included in the Prior Art Database: 2003-Jun-20

Publishing Venue



This invention describes a recovery method for a computer system that has corrupted initialization, or boot code. This is done using checksum for detecting the corruption and a backup copy of the boot code for recovery. In systems based on the original IBM PC, the boot code is know as BIOS (Basic Input Output System) and is stored in an EEPROM. The BIOS contains the first code that the CPU runs when the system is powered up or reinitialized. Early systems using the IBM PC architecture used a socketed BIOS EEPROM on the system. This allowed replacement of the EEPROM instead of the entire system board if it was defective. Today not all systems use a socket. The EEPROM may be soldered directly to the system board to improve reliability and reduce cost. In this case replacing the EEPROM in the field is not an option. In many cases the BIOS EEPROM itself is not defective, but the code it contains has become corrupted. The BIOS EEPROM can normally be reflashed using a diskette. However, a corrupted BIOS may not allow the system to boot properly and use the diskette drive. One solution to this problem is to have a backup copy of the BIOS on the system board, either in a separate EEPROM or in the same EEPROM in a different address space. The position of a jumper on the system board determines whether the primary or backup copy of the BIOS is used to boot the system. Normally the system boots using the primary BIOS. In the event of a problem with the primary BIOS, the jumper is switched to the other position and the backup BIOS is used. The procedure to use to recover from a corrupted BIOS EEPROM using a backup jumper is as follows: