Use of a Conformal Layer with an End-Load to Enable Pressurized Operation of a Ceramic Electrochemical Stack
Publication Date: 2003-Sep-12
The IP.com Prior Art Database
Oxygen can be recovered from air at high temperatures by passing hot, oxygen-containing gas, preferably air, over non-porous, solid electrolyte ceramic membranes. These membranes, known in the art generically as ion transport membranes (ITMs), utilize an applied voltage across the membrane to cause oxygen ions to migrate through the membrane. Membranes can be fabricated as tubes or flat plates that are arranged in modules for efficient contact with the hot feed air. High-purity oxygen permeate and nitrogen-enriched non-permeate products are withdrawn from the modules. The oxygen can also be produced by the ITM device at pressures exceeding the feed air pressure. A comprehensive review of ion transport membranes is given by J. D. Wright and R. J. Copeland in Report No. TDA-GRI-90/0303 prepared for the Gas Research Institute, September 1990.