COMPRESSION OF HALFTONED IMAGES BY SEPARATION OF THE SCREEN INTENSITY SAMPLES
Original Publication Date: 1989-Jun-30
Included in the Prior Art Database: 2004-Apr-04
Xerox Disclosure Journal
Halftoning allows the imaging of gray-level pictures on two-tone (black or white) displays or printers. In printing, a halftone is formed by projecting the gray-level image through a screen. This results in a pattern of dots with the dot size varying with the image intensity. Digital halftoning simulates the halftone screen. The digital halftone screen is a pattern of intensity thresholds which is replicated over the image. Intensity samples from the image are compared against the intensity thresholds in the halftone screen at the corresponding positions. If the sampled intensity exceeds the screen value for a given position, then that position is colored white, otherwise it is black. The halftone pattern can be used to separate the picture into N smaller pictures, where N is the number of unique threshold values in a screen cell. There will be a small picture for each intensity value of the halftone screen pattern. Each small picture will contain one dot for each instance of the threshold in each replication of the halftone screen pattern. Each small picture will show the original picture thresholded at one of the halftone screen intensity values.